• Here For You
  • Psychodermatology
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  • Scalp Acne
  • Hair Thinning
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  • Itchy Scalp
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  • Stress and Flare-ups
  • Hyperhydrosis
  • Psychodermatologists
  • Sleep and Flare-ups
  • Combination Skin
  • Skin Barrier
  • Hyperhidrosis
  • Scars
  • Seborrheic Dermatitis
  • Fungal Acne
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  • Oily Skin
  • Sensitive Skin vs. Sensitized Skin
  • Perioral Dermatitis
  • Back Acne
  • Boils
  • Cysts
  • Hives
  • Skin Anatomy
  • PCOS and Flare Ups
  • Pseudofolliculitis Barbae
  • Keratosis Pilaris
  • Ichthyosis
  • Hormonal Acne
  • Eczema
  • The Correct Order to Apply Your Skincare Routine
  • Psoriasis
  • Acne Scars
  • Skin of Color and Flare-Ups
  • Dry Skin
  • Face Skin vs. Body Skin

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Here For You

To find a therapist, check out Open Path Collective & Therapy For Black Girls

If you or someone you know is experiencing a mental health crisis, text START to 741-741 or call at 1-800-273 TALK (8255) for the National Suicide Lifeline.

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Psychodermatology

 

California

Josie Howard, MD
490 Post Street, Suite 1703
San Francisco, CA 94102
Ph. 415-217-0017 


Dr. Rachel Milstein Goldenhar
Clinical Psychology-Psychodermatology
Howard G. Milstein, MD Dermatology
7334 Girard St Suite 201
La Jolla, CA 92037
Ph. 858-454-8811
info@drhowardmilstein.com


Mina Guirguis, Psy.D.
Licensed Clinical Psychologist PSY 23685
www.theemotionalwellnesscenterforskindisorders.com
15651 Imperial Hwy. Suite 203
La Mirada CA, 90638
Office: 424-255-8127
Fax: 734-319-6684
drguirguispsyd@gmail.com



 

Michigan

Mohammad Jafferany, MD, FAPA  

Jafferany Psychiatric & JPS Psychological Services

3201 Hallmark Court

Saginaw, MI 48603

Ph. 989-790-5990

info@drjaff.com

www.drjaff.com


Ruqiya Shama Tareen, MD

Kalamazoo TMS & Behavioral Health

5930 Lovers Lane, Suite 3

Portage, MI, 49002

Ph. 269-381-6950

www.kzootms.com


 

New York

Francisco Tausk, MD

Psoriasis Center

University of Rochester

400 Red Creek Drive, Suite 200

Rochester, NY 14623

Fax: 585-487-1188



 

New Jersey

Caroline Koblenzer, MD

Dermatology Associates

303 Chester Ave.

Moorsetown, NJ 08057

Ph: 856-235-1178

cskpjk@gmail.com


 

Pennsylvania

Rick Fried, MD

Yardley Dermatology Associates

903 Floral Vale Blvd

Morrisville, PA 19067

Ph. 215-579-6155



 

Wisconsin

Ladan Mostaghimi, MD

Wisconsin Psychocutaneous Clinic

7433 Elmwood Ave

Middleton, WI 53562

Ph. 608-770-7221 


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  • Read time 5 minutes

Warts

Warts are very common, with over three million documented cases per year. However, regardless of how common they are, having a wart can leave you feeling self-conscious, especially when they’re difficult to cover up in areas like your hands. 


But warts are easy to remove. 


Interested in learning more? Read on to discover everything you need to know about warts.

 

What Exactly are Warts?

A wart, or verruca, is a small, fleshy bump on the skin or a mucous membrane caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). Many different types of warts can appear anywhere on the body — in particular, the genitals, feet, and hands. 


With the exception of a type of wart that grows on the bottom of the feet, warts are pretty painless. They are contagious, however, and can spread pretty quickly from one area of the body to another, or from one person to another person through close contact, such as a hug, fist bump, or handshake. 


So you’re saying anyone can get one? 


Yup. Anyone can get warts, but some people are more prone to get them than others. 


Also, warts are much more common in kids, in those who bite or pick at their nails or cuticles, and in individuals with a compromised immune system. 


As we mentioned, warts are contagious because they are caused by a virus. You can get a wart by directly touching one or touching something that has come in contact with one. You're much more likely to get warts if you have a scrape or cut in your skin. 


Excessive moisture can cause tiny breaks in your delicate skin barrier, so common areas to contract them occur in locker rooms, hot tubs, and pools. 


Each person’s immune system responds a little differently to the virus—which explains why not everyone who contacts a wart actually develops one.  

 

Symptoms of Warts

Common warts usually occur on the hands or feet and may be:


  • Small, fleshy, grainy bumps

  • Rough to the touch

  • Flesh-colored, pink, white, or tan

  • Sprinkled with black pinpoints -- which are just small, clotted blood vessels

 

Types of Warts

There are seven main types of warts:

Common Warts 

Common warts are, well, common. Usually found on the knees, elbows, or hands, common wards are raised bumps with some appearing like a cauliflower. 

Plantar Warts

These troublesome warts occur mostly on the soles of your feet. 


They tend to grow deep, and they’re also often surrounded by a thick callus. Because they’re usually on the weight-bearing parts of the feet, plantar warts tend to be more painful than other types of warts. 

Flat Warts

The surface of these tiny growths -- also called plane warts -- is flat or rounded and smooth. 


They appear in clusters of a few dozen to a hundred. They’re more common on light-exposed areas of the face and back of the hands. 


Flat warts often appear in the beard area for some folks, while others tend to get them on their legs. These are both problematic areas if you shave, since it can inadvertently create an entire trail of warts, typically in the direction you shave. 

Mosaic Warts

Mosaic warts are a cluster of smaller warts that are grouped together and are often found on the soles and palms. 

Filiform Warts

These warts grow super fast and look thread-like and spiky. 


Filiform warts can be more problematic than others since they tend to grow on the face around your eyes, nose, and mouth.   


Periungual Warts

Rough and irregularly-shaped, these tiny warts develop around toenails and fingernails. They may extend beneath the nail, which can cause pain and ultimately disrupt normal nail growth. 

Genital Warts

There are more than 150 strains of HPV. Two strains in particular -- types 6 and 11 -- cause around 90 percent of genital warts in the U.S. 


You can find these benign warts in the cervix, around the vulva, in the vagina, and in the anus. They can also appear in the throat and mouth if they are spread through skin-to-skin contact. 


Some strains of HPV can cause cancer, which is why getting any bumps down south checked out is of the utmost importance. Take care of yourself, always. 

 

How to Treat Warts

While there is no current cure for HPV (and therefore no way to completely “cure” your wart), treating warts is relatively simple in most cases. 

For common warts on the feet and hands, the typical treatment is liquid nitrogen cryotherapy. This is when a doctor sprays liquid nitrogen directly on the wart. The process freezes the wart to 192 degrees below zero, which stings as the top of the wart dies before crusting up and finally falling off.


It’s a two-pronged approach. 


Not only is the doctor attacking the wart from the outside, but the freezing is designed to cause inflammation, triggering your body to attack the wart from the inside out. 


Other methods your doc might use include: burning the wart off with an electrical current or laser therapy, which simply zaps the wart and surrounding cells. 


Topical treatments are also useful wart wranglers. These are typically super-strength salicylic acid treatments, which you can get OTC or via prescription from your doc. These effective treatments take the same approach as freezing-- they both try to kill the wart and stir up local immunity. 


For genital warts,  it is best to make an appointment with your gynecologist. They can prescribe a treatment and make sure you’re taking the proper steps to screen for HPV-related cancer. 


There is some debate among doctors about whether warts technically need to be treated at all. Why? Well, many HPV infections go away on their own over time, but since warts are super contagious, not treating them means you could easily spread the infection to other people or other areas of your own body. 

 

How to Prevent Warts

Though warts can’t exactly be prevented, there are several measures you can take to minimize your risk of acquiring one. 

One of the most important things you can do is to thoroughly wash your hands -- and often! Also, try to keep your skin healthy, hydrated, and free of cuts. If you bite your nails, do your best to stop. Biting nails creates tiny openings for bacteria and viruses to enter your skin, which can quickly result in warts. Use clean towels at the gym or in other public locations, and always wear rubber-soled sandals or flip-flops in public showers and locker rooms. 


Here are a few more tips to reduce the risk of catching or spreading warts:


  • Don’t touch other people’s warts.

  • Don’t share socks and shoes with other people. 

  • Don’t scratch warts, as this can cause them to spread. 

  • Cover warts with a waterproof covering when swimming. 

  • Don’t brush, shave, comb, or clip hair in areas that have warts. 

  • Keep hands as dry as possible. 

 

Bottom Line

Wants can be a lot. If you are bothered by them, it may be comforting to know that you are not alone, and better yet, that there are simple and effective ways to deal with them. 


Do keep in mind, however, that they are contagious, and in rare cases, a more serious problem, such as skin cancer, may resemble a wart. 


So even if you aren’t bothered when a wart appears, it can’t hurt to have a dermatologist take a quick peek and direct you on how to best deal with it. Taking care of your skin is essential. 


That’s why we love using the skincare products from Topicals, an honest and reputable company that is much more than beauty and skincare. We’re a new standard — medicated botanicals. 


Here at Topicals, we only use science-backed ingredients and herbals that work with your skin—not against it—to help you feel comfortable and confident. Whether you’re looking to hydrate parched skin or smooth a spotty complexion, we’ve got your back!




Sources:

Helps You Identify and Treat This Annoying Issue | Warts

Types of Human Papillomavirus | NYU Langone Health

Common Warts: Symptoms and causes | Mayo Clinic

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  • Read time 5 minutes

Scalp Acne

We’ve all heard about acne on the face, chest, and back, but there’s another area frequently prone to breakouts: your scalp. 


Scalp acne can pop up around your hairline or underneath your hair itself, which can make brushing, combing, or styling painful. And trying to hide it with a hat will probably just irritate your hair even more.


Below, we’ll tell you everything you need to know about scalp acne, including the possible causes and what you can do to calm it down. Plus, we’ll also share how to keep the pimples from coming back. Let’s get into it.

 

What Exactly is Scalp Acne?

We all know what pimples look like, but now imagine those inflamed bumps around the hairline or even underneath your hair. Yep, that’s scalp acne.


All pimples, including the ones on your scalp, pop up due to clogged pores. When dead skin cells, oil, or hair care products block a pore or follicle on your head, it can get irritated and turn into a pimple. 


The good news is scalp acne is pretty easy to identify. Like pimples anywhere on your body, they appear as raised bumps that may be tender. However, scalp pimples can sometimes be much more than just pimples — they can be an infection of the hair follicles called folliculitis


We know an infection sounds intense, but it’s actually pretty chill. These are very common infections and are something most of us may experience at some point in our lives. 

 

Symptoms of Folliculitis

These common infections kind of look like acne, but can become little pustules — tiny bumps that contain pus or fluid. 


If you feel a bump on your scalp, or have soreness or itchiness, part your hair away and try to get a good look at the area. If it’s on the back of your head, ask a friend  to help you take a look. What you’re looking for are tiny, acne-like bumps with a small ring of swelling around the hair follicle. They can sometimes also look like a white-headed pimple on the head, around the hair follicle. 


Well, What Causes It?

According to a recent study, the most common cause of folliculitis is staphylococcus aureus, a type of bacteria found on the scalp. Not only has this bacteria been proven to cause dandruff, but it can also lead to infections when combined with oil on the scalp. 


A buildup of excess oil and dead skin cells can end up clogging the hair follicle, which happens to be what staphylococcus bacteria thrive on. The oilier your scalp is, the more bacteria there will be. We’re sure this is amazing news to folks who have naturally oily scalps, or those who oil their scalps regularly. 


Other causes of folliculitis can include fungal, viral, or yeast infections. 

 

How to Treat Scalp Acne

Scalp acne isn’t just frustrating. When it's left untreated, the bumps can get bigger and turn into cysts -- which may need to be drained and even lead to scarring. 


So, it’s definitely worth getting those pimples under control ASAP and doing everything you can to keep them from coming back. 


Never pick at or squeeze the bumps, even though it can be tough to resist. Similarly, avoid brushing or combing around the area and take care not to apply too much pressure when shampooing. In short, take good care of your scalp. 


Popping the zit could spread bacteria to neighboring follicles or pores, ultimately leading to more acne. It could also increase the risk for scarring. 


If you do get a little bit of noticeable scarring around your hairline, we recommend Faded from Topicals. This powerful gel serum gently fades the look of your most stubborn scars, marks, and spots so that you can kick back and let your worries fade away.  


For folliculitis, you can ease the swelling and redness by applying a warm compress for 15- 20 minutes three to four times a day. If your bumps don’t go away or calm down after a few days of TLC, consult with your doctor. 


They might recommend a prescription-strength acne cream or oral medication to clear up the breakouts or a special medicated shampoo to keep them from coming back. Your dermatologist can also safely pop and drain large bumps that aren’t going away on their own. Either way, you’ll be good. 

 

How to Prevent Scalp Acne

Now that you’ve zapped those zits, you might feel the need to do what you can to keep new ones from forming. Here are a few great tips to keep scalp acne at bay:


Tip #1: Try An Anti-Dandruff Shampoo

Using a good anti-dandruff shampoo can do wonders to prevent scalp acne. This type of popular shampoo is typically formulated with active ingredients like salicylic acid, selenium sulfide, or pyrithione zinc. 


Try using it once every other day or even daily according to the product directions to help tackle excess oil on the scalp -- which could be the culprit behind your scalp acne.  


Tip #2: Take A Break From Oils

We know you absolutely love how your favorite serum makes your hair look, but you have to take into account whether it may be doing your scalp a disservice.


As we mentioned a little earlier, hair products can lead to a buildup of oils on your scalp, which in turn, could contribute to scalp breakouts. Experts at the American Academy of Dermatology recommend stopping the use of all products with oil or pomades, which can quickly clog pores. If your scalp is begging you to chill, you gotta listen. 


Tip #3: Don’t Let Post-Workout Sweat Sit On Your Scalp

By now, we’re sure you understand that buildup on your scalp can lead to pimples. If you have an intense sweat sesh at the gym, don’t let all that sweat sit on your scalp. Instead, either wash your hair to cleanse your scalp as soon as you possibly can or apply a dry shampoo that helps absorb oil. 


Tip #4: Remove Excess Buildup

Over time, hair-care and styling products can build up on your scalp -- nobody’s perfect. The trick is to remove that buildup before it becomes an issue. 


Try gently exfoliating your scalp with your fingertips when you shower. Don’t scrub so hard that you pull out any hair, but use just enough pressure that you can get rid of excess oil and product buildup.  


Tip #5: Review Your Diet

One review of diet and acne suggests that what you eat can significantly affect oil production, inflammation, and -- you guessed it -- acne. 


For an anti-acne diet, try limiting carbohydrate-rich foods as well as your sugar intake. Reach for foods with:


  • Vitamin A
  • Vitamin D
  • Omega-3 fatty acids
  • Antioxidants
  • Zinc
  • Dietary fiber


If you notice an acne flare-up after eating a particular food, you may want to consider eliminating it from your diet. Keep a food journal to keep track of what you’re eating and when flare-ups occur. 


Tip #6: Skip The Hat

Anything that rubs or constricts your skin is a potential trigger for acne. 

Think about hats that fit snugly on your head -- and rub against your skin. Add sweat and a little bit of dirt to the equation, and you’ve got a perfect recipe for an acne breakout.


If you’re prone to scalp acne, do your best to avoid wearing anything on your head for long periods of time. So let’s keep the tight bucket hats and beanies to a minimum, okay? 

 

Bottom Line

Always be aware of what touches your skin -- including dirt, grime, and sweat -- that can clog those pores and trigger acne breakouts. Look for beauty products that are non-comedogenic, eat a healthy diet rich in vitamins and minerals, use a good shampoo with oil-fighting ingredients, and avoid wearing constricting hats that can only irritate your scalp further. Paying attention to what you put on and near your skin can help you maintain that gorgeous face of yours.


Here at Topicals, we’re not in the business of changing skin, but instead, changing the way the world feels about skin.


You see, skin is fluid — just like we are. It’s not about being perfect, but understanding that you’ll have this skin for the rest of your life, and you should embrace it in all stages.


Whether you’re dealing with scalp acne or combating a spotty complexion, we’re here to remind you to settle into comfort, be confident, and always know you’re beautiful. 




Sources:

Special types of folliculitis which should be differentiated from acne | NCBI

The relationship of diet and acne | NCBI

Folliculitis - Symptoms and causes | Mayo Clinic



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  • Read time 3 minutes

Hair Thinning

If you have thinning hair, you’re not alone. 


In fact, it’s perfectly normal to lose around 50 to 100 hairs every day. The amount of hair you have—as well as your hair type—is predetermined by your genetic makeup. Basically, everyone experiences some hair loss here and there since the rate of hair growth also slows a bit as you get older. It’s life—and we’re all in it together.


But on top of the natural progression of hair loss, several other factors can exacerbate thinning strands. Interested in learning more? Read on to discover everything you need to know about hair thinning.

 

How Exactly does Hair Grow?

The first thing to know about hair thinning is that it’s actually pretty complex. You see, your hair grows in three stages


These stages include a growth phase from a root in the hair follicle, a transitional phase when the growth comes to a halt, and a resting phase, after which the hair falls out, and the follicle takes a little break before sprouting out another hair. 


Like we said, it’s perfectly normal to lose between 50 and 100 strands of hair a day, which you might notice on your pillow in the morning, in the shower, or on your hairbrush.


You are born with roughly 100,000 follicles on your scalp, and you will never gain or lose any. 


However, as you age, some follicles may stop producing hair. You may experience hair loss, also called anagen effluvium. How and when this actually happens is influenced by a bunch of different factors, including our genetics, vitamin deficiency, and the natural hormone changes we experience as we get older. 


But you might also experience some hair shedding at certain points in your life, which is a separate process from hair loss

 

What is Hair Shedding?

Hair shedding is more often caused by temporary changes in hormones, like stopping hormonal birth control, giving birth, or experiencing life stressors, like recovering from a serious illness. 


Harsh hair products, nutritional deficiencies, and even certain hairstyles can also cause hair shedding. So, be sure to take good care of yourself. 


If your hair happens to be shedding, that means it is falling out much more quickly than it should be because it is being shoved into the resting phase too early. But if you are experiencing hair loss, on the other hand, that means something is stopping the hair from actually growing in the first place. As many different factors can lead to hair loss, it is essential to figure out which one you are dealing with before attempting any treatment methods.  


If you’re not exactly sure how many hairs you’re losing in a single day (totally understandable), you can test it with the 60-second hair count


Simply, comb your hair forward from the back of your head to the front for a full 60 seconds. Collect and count the strands of hair that fell during the process -- you should see between ten and twenty strands (depending on your age). 


If you see more than that, there’s a good chance you might be dealing with some excess hair loss. To get the most accurate idea of how many strands of hair you are losing, you might want to do this test a few days in a row. 


Once you know exactly what you’re up against, there are some easy things you can do to help manage your thinning hair.

 

How to Care for Thinning Hair

Tip #1: Eat Hair-Healthy Foods

Believe it or not, your diet plays a major role in the strength and health of your hair. Who would’ve thought? 


Fats, proteins, and certain vitamins and minerals are essential for hair health. In fact, many people tend to notice improvements in their hair when they increase the amount of certain foods in their diet. 


Some of the best foods to eat that may boost hair growth include:


  • Eggs: These contain protein, which is essential for hair growth. Eggs also contain biotin -- a B vitamin that may boost hair growth.

  • Brazil nuts: These are a tasty source of selenium, a mineral that may improve hair health. 

  • Fatty fish: This is an excellent source of omega-3, which may also improve hair growth.

  • Walnuts: These nuts also contain omega-3. 


Tip #2: Massage Your Scalp

Massaging your scalp can help to restore hair growth and can be used in conjunction with hair oils and masks. This stimulates the scalp and may improve hair thickness


Taking the time to massage your scalp each and every day can also help you relieve tension and stress. While you’re at it, show your facial skin some love with a hydrating face mask like Topicals’ Like Butter -- a thick, whipped mask packed with green tea extract, colloidal oatmeal, and Centella Asiatica (and other science-backed ingredients and herbals) to help moisturize and soothe the feeling of dry and dehydrated skin while fortifying your skin’s matrix in the process. 


Go ahead, you deserve it. 


Tip #3: Wash And Condition Your Hair Regularly

You most likely don’t need to wash your hair every single day. 


In fact, many experts recommended washing only two or three times a week. Why? Because washing too often strips your hair of necessary oils, and infrequent washing can leave hair lifeless and dull -- especially if you overuse dry shampoo.


Quality moisturizing shampoos formulated without sulfates -- icky chemicals in shampoos that help clean but can also be extremely drying on dry or sensitive scalps -- are a safe bet for everyone. 


Tip #4: Always Follow Shampoo With Conditioner

Using conditioners is important. It gives your hair shine and reduces static electricity, which is why it improves the feel and look of damaged or dull hair. 


Apply a little of your favorite conditioner to the ends of your hair and work your way up. And remember -- a little goes a long way. 


The more conditioner you use, the flatter your hair will be. 


Remove tough tangles to prevent unnecessary hair loss with a wide-tooth comb and rinse your hair with cool water, which closes the cuticle, leaving the hair super shiny. 


Tip #5: Ditch Hair Tools That Use High Heat

Heat is always hard on hair. Why? Because it causes bonds within the hair strands to fracture, causing brittle hair that breaks and ultimately falls out.


If you choose to use a curling iron or hair straightener, be sure not to leave it on one area of your hair for too long and try to move it every ten seconds or so. Also, keep in mind that if you burn your fingers or hear sizzling, the heat setting is a little too high, and you’re also burning your hair. 


When you can, try to let your hair dry naturally and when you do use styling tools, make sure to use a good-quality heat-protecting spray that will lessen the damage the tools are inflicting on your hair. 


Tip #6: Stick With Hairstyles That Don’t Put Extra Tension On Your Hair

One particular type of hair loss -- traction alopecia -- is caused by chronic stress on the hair follicle, often due to hairstyles that are a little too tight. 


Thankfully, you can treat traction alopecia early on by adjusting your habits to keep the condition from worsening or becoming permanent. In particular, make sure you are not wearing hairstyles that pull on the scalp -- like sky-high, tight ponytails, dreads, or braids -- for extended periods of time.  

 

Bottom Line

While the process of hair thinning can be a bit concerning at first, it’s likely treatable. 


According to the experts over at the American Academy of Dermatology, treatments for hair thinning can take six to nine months. But just like your hair, taking care of your skin is important. 


From your head to your toes, your skin does a lot for you. Show it some love with skin-nourishing products. Made with science-backed ingredients and herbals, Topicals is more than beauty and more than skincare. 



Sources:

Female Hair Loss and the Hair Growth Cycle | LSHRS

Results of 60-second timed hair counts in women between the ages of 20–60 years | JAAD

What are the best foods for healthy hair growth? | Medical News Today?

Do you have hair loss or hair shedding? | AAD



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Friction Between Legs

You’re on a relaxing walk in the park...then it starts.. First, the itching. Then the burn. And then, the waddle. 


Oop. Your thighs are chafed. 


If you're lucky, you have a soothing rash cream and a comfy chair reach. But , you could also be at the office or in a meeting. Even worse, you could be wrapping up the last few miles of your morning run -- ouch!


The infamous itching and burning go by many names: Thigh chafing, sweat rash, groin rash, etc. So how can you avoid it? 


In this post, we'll spill about everything you need to know about friction between the legs, including what causes thigh chafing and how to prevent it.

 

What exactly is Chafing?

Skin chafing is that it's what happens to the skin when it experiences increased friction. Basically, chafing is the repeated skin-on-skin or fabric-on-skin contact that can lead to irritation, blistering, dryness, or breakdown of the skin. 

 

Symptoms of Chafing

When you experience chafing, you'll know. But in case you need a few things to keep an eye out for, here's a list


With chafing, you'll most likely experience the following:


  • Redness

  • A burning sensation

  • A flat rash

  • Blister-like lesions or boils

  • Pain

  • Itchiness as the skin heals

  • Swelling


 

Causes of Thigh Chafing

Inner thigh chafing is very common. So don’t freak out.


Most people have thighs that touch or rub together when they move. This skin can get irritated by friction, moisture, heat, and repeated rubbing against clothing. 


Skin chafing is most common in the inner thighs, but it can also occur on other parts of the body, like the armpits and nipples. 


There are many causes of chafing. Here are some of them:


Our Bodies

Body fat can make it a little easier for your inner thighs to rub together and cause friction. However, it's far from the only cause. 


Exercise And Sports

People who play sports or work out often experience thigh chafing. 


The cause is repetitive actions, excess moisture from sweat, or loose-fitting workout clothing. In fact, resistance-trained athletes with muscular thighs are just as likely to have chronic skin chafing troubles as someone with a little extra body fat.


Wearing Skirts Or Dresses

For some people, dresses and skirts are often the items that result in discomfort from chafing. 


For hot girl summer, we all know that cute skirts, tiny shorts and floral dresses come out. With thighs exposed and no fabric barrier between the legs, sweat and heat can lead to thigh rubbing and pain.


Loose Skin

Loose skin after giving birth, or losing a significant amount of weight, can also contribute to thigh chafing. 


Poor Fitting Clothes

Clothes that don't fit you well can repeatedly rub and irritate your skin. Wearing clothes that are a little too tight can also result in rubbing. So, if you're wearing something tight, pay close attention to where the seams are. 


Seams located in areas that rub are a common culprit. Clothes that are too loose, on the other hand, can leave your thighs exposed to rub directly against the other, which can result in a painful rash. 


Sweat And Moisture

Sweat just might be the biggest cause of chafing -- especially when combined with any of the other factors listed above. Plus, in addition to the moisture-increasing friction, dried sweat tends to leave a layer of salt on the skin. 


This dried salt can ramp up the irritation immensely. Ugh. 

 

How to Treat Chafing

 Tip #1: Clean The Area With Care

Gently wash thigh chafing with a gentle body wash or lukewarm water to soothe irritation from dried sweat and help control fungal growth. 


Pat dry, don't rub. Then, if you can, let the skin air out for a few moments to make sure all dampness is gone. 


Tip #2: Calm Your Skin With Ointments

Treat your chafed skin twice a day with a zinc ointment or a balm to soothe the abrasion and restore damaged skin. 


You can also use Topicals Like Butter -- a thick, whipped mask packed with potent botanicals to help soothe and restore irritated skin while fortifying the damaged moisture barrier. Thank us later. 


Tip #3: Bandage The Area

If you have tiny blisters forming on your skin, you may need to use blister plasters.


For severe blisters, lesions, or experiencing bleeding, it is important to seek medical advice. You may need a medicated cream to prevent scarring or infection.

 

How to Prevent Thigh Chafing

Thigh chafing can make it really painful to walk, run, bike, and more. If it becomes intense enough, it may even cause you to stop exercising until your thighs are fully healed. Your body will love you for slowing down. 


Stay Clean

This is an easy one. Shower daily and wear clean undies. Daily activities will lead to a buildup of sweat, dirt, and salt in your thigh area. 


This "thigh grime" causes that sticky feeling which leads to friction and chafing between the thighs. If you can't shower after a sweaty run or an afternoon hike in the sun, use a shower body wipe to clean dirt and sweat from between your thighs and groin area. 


Interrupt The Friction

Applying a thick, slippery product like petroleum jelly on your chafed thighs can help to reduce friction and prevent abrasion. Products with beeswax, shea butter, or silicone provide the same benefit. 


Wear Moisture-Wicking Clothing

Materials like cotton retain moisture and sweat and keep your skin damp. This dampness will increase your risk of friction and -- you guessed it -- chafing. 


Wear clothes that "breathe" and let the sweat evaporate off your skin, especially while exercising. 


Compression shorts and other sport-specific clothing can protect skin when you are active. You can also wear bike shorts underneath a dress or skirt to prevent your thigh skin from rubbing together. 


Plan For The Weather

Consider workout out when it's a bit cooler outside -- such as evening or morning. That may help you to sweat less and keep your skin and clothing drier. 


Avoid Poorly Placed Seams

As mentioned early, seams in shorts or leggings can often be the biggest culprits of friction and chafing in the thighs. It's essential if you want to get through a run or workout comfortably that you take your apparel seriously and look for any functional hazards. 


To avoid chafing, choose clothing that is seamless or has flat seams in the leg area.  


Consider Medical Options

If your thigh chafing is due to excessive sweating, you may have a condition called hyperhidrosis. But don't stress -- it's totally manageable.


Talk to your doctor and discuss the best treatment plan for you. 

 

Bottom Line

The best treatment for thigh chafing is prevention. But even with the best prevention methods in place, it's still definitely possible to experience a little bit of chafing. It happens.


In those cases, dry off the area, stop the activity that led to chafing as quickly as possible, and apply petroleum jelly or lotion to help soothe and protect the affected skin. 


We love Like Butter from Topicals because its anti-inflammatory properties help with soothing sensitive skin and irritation -- exactly what you need to calm chafing. 


Here at Topicals, all of our products are research-backed and only contain ingredients that are scientifically proven to benefit the skin. Completely free of dyes and fragrances and never tested on animals, Topicals is more than beauty and more than skincare; we're a new standard -- medicated botanicals.


Whether you're looking to soothe and hydrate chafing skin or balance your spotty complexion, we've got your back.




Sources:  

5 ways to use petroleum jelly for skin care | AAD

What causes chafing rash? Remedies, treatment, and prevention | Medical News Today

Hyperhidrosis - Symptoms and causes | Mayo Clinic


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  • Read time 3 minutes

Itchy Scalp

Of all the beauty concerns that we have on a regular basis, an itchy scalp (aka scalp pruritus) has to be one of the most standout ones. 


You might feel that the itch will never stop, but relief is possible. First, it is essential to determine the cause of your itchy scalp and initiate an effective treatment right away. 


Constant scratching and itching can be problematic for the delicate scalp microbiomethe specific ecosystem of bacteria which helps keep your scalp environment balanced. 


When your scalp environment is clean, balanced, and free of debris, new hair growth can grow and thrive. However, certain medical conditions and lifestyle choices can prevent this from happening. Read on to discover more.

 

What Exactly Causes Itchy Scalp?

There are a handful of things that could be causing your scalp to itch. The first thing to keep in mind is that your scalp is an extension of your skin -- so many of the same skin concerns you deal with on your face and other body parts, like dry skin, can easily happen on the scalp as well. That being said, here are some of the most common causes of an itchy scalp:


Lice

OK, let’s just go ahead and get this one out of the way. Let’s say you’ve got school-age kids running around, and you find yourself asking, “Why does my scalp itch all of a sudden?” Seeing as it’s common among youngsters, there’s a good chance it could be lice.


Head lice are itty-bitty bugs that attach themselves to body hair and can be seen in the form of eggs -- aka nits -- along the hair shaft. Although the nits can sometimes be confused with dandruff, when you see adult lice moving around your scalp, it's unmistakable. 


You can try physical methods to remove the lice, or you can use natural live shampoos as well as natural lice removers. 


Scabies

Scabies an cause itching not just on your scalp but also on your entire body. 


Scabies on the scalp isn’t too common, though, and it usually affects those with compromised immune systems. Scabies is an infestation of the “human itch mite” (aka Sarcoptes scabiei var. hominis). 


The mites burrow down into the upper layer of the skin, where they live and deposit their eggs. They almost always get passed along by directed, prolonged, skin-to-skin contact with an individual who is already infested. 


Scabies found in adults is commonly sexually acquired -- although it can spread without sexual contact in crowded conditions, including households, child-care facilities, nursing homes, and prisons. 


Ringworm

Due to the name, many people assume that tinea capitis -- aka scalp ringworm -- is caused by a parasitic worm. However, it is a common fungal injection. 


Ringworm can cause dry, scaly patches within the hair or a red ring-like appearance. Sometimes the infection can cause hair damage and result in patches of hair loss. 


Ringworm is contagious and can quickly be passed from person to person through brushes, towels, and even the back of chairs. It usually needs to be treated with oral antifungal tablets. 


Antifungal shampoos don’t typically work because the fungal infection spreads deep down into the hair follicles, where shampoos can’t reach. 


Dandruff

So, let’s say you have ruled out head lice, scabies, and ringworm. 


If you’re still asking, “why does my scalp itch?,”  then dandruff could most likely be to blame. Or, more specifically, seborrheic dermatitis -- which is considered a severe form of dandruff that is caused by an overreaction the body has to yeast that lives on the skin. 


Dandruff affects around 40 percent of people and tends to come and go throughout one’s lifetime. Stress, weather changes, and increased sugar in the diet can bring it out.


Some of the best over-the-counter remedies include products containing active ingredient salicylic acid and quality products containing antifungals such as selenium sulfide or ketoconazole. 


If OTC remedies don’t seem to be working, it’s a good idea to see a dermatologist who can not only prescribe powerful steroidal anti-inflammatories but also determine if some other condition is causing or worsening your itchy scalp symptoms. So pull up on your dermatologist -- they’ll have your back.


Eczema or Psoriasis

An itchy scalp can also be caused by an inflammatory skin condition such as psoriasis and eczema (a.k.a. atopic dermatitis). These conditions tend to arise when your immune system gets “angry” at your skin, leading to red, flaky, itchy patches.


For both psoriasis and eczema on the scalp, salicylic acid and coal tar-based shampoos are recommended. 


For irritated skin on the rest of your body, we recommended Like Butter from Topicals -- a thick, whipped mask packed with science-backed botanicals for skin so smooth, it’s like butter. This powerful mask will help restore dry, flaky skin while fortifying your skin’s damaged moisture barrier -- precisely what you need to keep skin flares at bay.  


Allergic Reaction

Did you recently dye your hair? Your constant need to itch may be due to an allergic reaction -- even if you have used the product before. It can start with a low-grade reaction and a little bit of itchiness. 


You may not think anything of it, but with each subsequent use, you may experience more flakiness, redness, and swelling. It can cause inflammation and swelling of the scalp, and some people can even experience an anaphylactic reaction. 


The most common allergen is paraphenylenediamine (PPD), which is used in black and brown hair dye. FYI: It can also be found in henna.


Sunburn

Your itchy scalp may be nothing more than a sunburn. 


If you’ve been outside all day and forgot to wear a hat, think sunburn first, and get some instant relief with a cool shower and some OTC hydrocortisone cream. Your body will thank you.

 

How to Prevent Itchy Scalp

Reduce your chances for an itchy scalp by washing your hair regularly to remove built-up oils and debris. 


Wash your hair in warm -- but not excessively hot -- water to avoid irritating and drying out the scalp. If you have an inflammatory skin condition, pay attention to what triggers your skin  -- like diet or stress -- to prevent scalp itchiness from even occurring in the first place.   


Tip #1: Avoid physical contact with people with head lice, scabies, and ringworm.


This includes refraining from sharing:


  • Brushes

  • Combs

  • Hats

  • Towels

  • Pillowcases

  • Helmets


Tip #2: Check the ingredients in your hair products.

To reduce any allergic reactions, try to avoid using certain products that contain:


  • Dyes

  • Fragrances

  • Chemicals


Tip #3: Protect your head from the sun.

If you’re going outside, do your best to protect your head to avoid an itchy sunburn. 


There are plenty of sunscreen products specially formulated for the hair and scalp that will protect this vulnerable area of your body from harmful UV rays without leaving an icky residue on your hair. You can also wear a hat or seek shade to protect your scalp. 



 

Bottom Line

An itchy scalp can be a real pain. Itching may be caused by an existing autoimmune disease, like eczema or psoriasis. It can also be caused by something as simple as a sunburn. 


No matter what causes your symptoms, you can rest easy knowing that an itchy scalp is not something that you have to live with forever. You have options, boo. 


Taking care of your skin is important -- that’s why we always recommended Topicals for all of your skincare needs. 


Why Topicals, you ask?


Topicals was created with the dream of transforming the way you feel about skin, using science-backed ingredients and herbs to help you feel comfortable, confident, and beautiful. Much more than beauty and much more than skincare, we’re a new standard -- medicated botanicals.  


Here at Topicals, we believe YOU make skin look good -- not the other way around. 




Sources:

The role of the microbiome in scalp hair follicle biology and disease | Online LIbrary

Scabies - Treatment | CDC

Allergy to paraphenylenediamine | Dermnet NZ

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  • Read time 3 minutes

Cracked Feet

Let’s start by saying that even if you have cracked feet, you deserve to wear  slingbacks, sandals, and more  backless footwear because all skin is good skin,


For many though, it’s also physically painful.


The good news is, treating your cracked feet doesn’t have to be complicated. In fact, many docs encourage affordable home remedies to keep your feet in tip-top shape! 


Not sure where to start? We can help. Read on to discover exactly what you need to know about cracked feet.

 

What Exactly Causes Cracked Feet?

There are many different reasons why people may experience dry, cracked feet. You see, our feet are responsible for holding up our body, and therefore, they withstand a tremendous amount of pressure. 


When pressure and weight are applied to our feet, the skin expands outwards. If our skin is dry, it becomes less elastic and rigid, which ultimately causes it to be more prone to cracking and fissures. Makes sense, right? 


The most common causes of cracked feet include the following:



Lacking Moisture

This is the most common culprit behind cracked feet. 


The skin underneath your feet is often dry, rough, and chapped. Why? Because the skin around your feet has a relatively small number of sweat glands. 


As mentioned, if your skin is particularly dry, cracked skin appears much more easily because it has less elasticity and can be exacerbated by any of the issues below. So stay moisturized, okay?


Deficiencies

It is important to understand the risk factors like the lack of body-nourishing vitamins, minerals, and zinc in your diet can adversely affect the health of your feet. Take care of yourself, angel. 


Hygiene

Difficulty in keeping your feet clean can be a further cause of cracked heels.


Pressure

Standing for excessively long hours can put stress on your feet. So, kick your feet up and relax sometimes if you can. 


Health Conditions

Psoriasis, eczema, thyroid disease, athlete’s foot, diabetes, and some other skin conditions can cause cracked feet. Check in with yourself and visit a doctor if you think you may have any of these ailments. 


Obesity

Being overweight can put some extra pressure on the pad under your heel, causing it to expand sideways. If your skin lacks flexibility, this can put additional pressure on the feet, leading to cracked skin. 


Genetics

You can be genetically predisposed to dry skin, thick skin, or calluses -- all of which can lead to cracked feet. It’s really just like that sometimes. 


Water

Water on your feet can take away from its natural oils, which can leave them rough and dry. Standing for prolonged periods in damp areas or even hot showers can cause cracked feet, as can washing with hot, soapy water. Always be sure to steer clear from harsh soaps, rinse off, and pat dry to prevent heel fissures.


Poor Fitting Shoes

Wearing shoes that don’t fit you properly can contribute to cracked feet. 


Some cracks can be minor, but more severe cases can lead to discomfort, bleeding, and pain -- especially if bacteria seeps into the figures. 


That’s why it’s essential to take care of the problem ASAP before things get worse. Make sure your shoes are always a comfortable fit. 

 

How to Care for Cracked Feet

Here are a few simple ways to soothe your cracked feet and give them some much-needed relief. You’ll be back on your feet, feeling amazing in no time!


First — Up Your H2O Intake

When you’re experiencing cracked feet, don’t just immediately tend to your skin -- grab a water bottle, fill it up and start guzzling. Staying hydrated is key!


Your skin can lose about a liter of water throughout the day -- more in dry climates -- so keeping yourself adequately hydrated goes a long way toward preventing or soothing dry, cracked skin. 


Do A Soak

This will make you feel luxurious, as it should!


Since the skin on the base of your foot -- especially in the heel area -- is a bit thicker and tougher than on other parts of the body, it requires a little more effort to soften and moisturize. 


One of the best ways to do this is with a foot soak. Simply fill a basin or tub with lukewarm water, then add a bit of cleansing white vinegar. 


Why Vinegar, you ask? Because it works naturally to disinfect the skin and can also get rid of icky-smelling odors


Exfoliate Your Feet

Dead skin cells on the surface of your skin naturally fall off, causing new skin cells to take their place. 


Sometimes, a buildup of dead skin cells can form, leading to thick, flaky patches that can cause your dry feet to become cracked. Exfoliation removes the dead surface layer of hard skin using either a physical or chemical exfoliator.


Physical exfoliators include:


  • Foot scrubs

  • Electronic callus removers

  • Body brushes


You can either purchase a foot scrub or make your own at home by mixing honey, warm water, and sugar. Thank us later. 


Chemical exfoliators, on the other hand, take the form of thin liquids or lotions. They contain powerful ingredients that dissolve dead skin cells on the skin’s surface, such as lactic acid, hyaluronic acid, glycolic acid, and alpha-hydroxy acid. 


Foot peels are popular chemical exfoliators that are designed specifically for the feet. 


Some foot peels contain alcohols and artificial fragrances that can irritate sensitive skin, so it’s essential to check the list of ingredients for any potential allergens or irritants before purchasing.  


Apply Moisturizer Consistently

Whether you’re trying to prevent cracked feet or heal them, the solution is the same: stay moisturized. 


Moisturizer balms need to be applied to the soles of the feet daily -- once in the morning and once at night. Using heel balms and ointments that contain shea butter, aloe vera, vitamin E, and glycerin can help lock fluids in your skin and minimize water loss.


While there are various moisturizers out there, we love Like Butter from Topicals. This thick, whipped mask is loaded with powerful botanicals for skin so smooth -- it’s like buttah. 


Plus, it will help boost hydration and fortify your skin’s damaged moisture barrier to help lock in even more moisture — your cracked feet don’t even stand a chance! 


Wear Closed-Back Shoes

Since sandals and shoes with open backs can cause cracked feet, make sure you have a trusty pair of closed shoes to wear when you’re having issues, even if that’s just some sneakers. Trust us, you can have a hot girl summer in sneakers. Taking care of yourself is the most important thing you can do this season. 


Protect your cracked feet by wearing close-backed shoes and cotton socks. 


Don’t Shave Or Peel Your Calluses

When you notice your cracked feet are peeling, it can be tough not to pick at it -- but believe it or not, it’s the worst thing you can do for the health of your feet. Ugh, annoying right? 


Never try to peel off the dead skin by hand or attempt to shave a callus yourself. Why? Because it’s a surefire way to get a terrible infection -- that’s why. 


Use A Liquid Bandage

You can also apply a liquid bandage to deep cracks to seal the wound and prevent infections or further cracking. 


This popular product comes as a spray or gel, which means you can go about your day without worrying about the bandage ever coming off. A liquid bandage is a great option for treating fissures that may bleed. 


Liquid bandages work by creating a strong protective layer over the cracks to help reduce pain, stop dirt and germs from entering the wounds, and aid in faster healing.

 

Bottom Line

Wearing the wrong shoes or spending a little too much time standing can result in dry, scaly feet and areas of irritated or scaly skin that lack of moisture.


Without treatment, your dry skin can thicken and crack open, leaving the feet vulnerable to infection -- not good! 


You can use a pumice stone, exfoliator and foot soak to remove dry skin from your feet at home. Regularly applying a good quality moisturizer cream and removing dead skin will help keep your feet hydrated, healthy, and happy. 


Here at Topicals, we believe in science-backed ingredients and herbals to work with your skin, not against it. Whether you’re looking to soothe your dry skin or balance a spotty complexion, we have everything you need to feel comfortable, confident, and beautiful. 




Sources:

Cracked Heel | Dermnet NZ

4 Ways You Can Avoid Stinky Feet | Cleveland Clinic

Repairing a Compromised Skin Barrier in Dermatitis | Journal of Allergy & Therapy



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  • Read time 5 minutes

Tear Gas Skin Irritation

As protests regarding the killings of Breonna Taylor, Tony McDade, George Floyd, and countless other unarmed Black Americans erupted, the point was crystal clear: something has to change. 


During the summer of 2020, demonstrators vocally supporting the Black Lives Matter movement (and other important organizations) took to the streets around the globe. Law enforcement turned to extreme measures to control crowds -- including the use of physical force, pepper spray, and even rubber bullets. Tear gas was also used frequently.


Tear gas is known as a riot-control agent, and firing the severe irritant into large crowds causes panic and a host of symptoms that immediately incapacitate unprotected people. In the United States, one of the most common compounds used in tear gas is chlorobenzylidene malononitrile (CS), which is a solid that is released into the air as fine particles through the use of a charge. And when it comes into contact with exposed skin, it can lead to irritation and pain. 


In this article, we’ll look at how tear gas affects your skin and what you can do if you’re exposed to it during the fight for justice. 

 

What Exactly Is Tear Gas?

Tear gas is a collection of harsh chemicals that cause respiratory, eye and skin irritation. It’s usually deployed from grenades, canisters or pressurized sprays. 


Despite the name, tear gas isn’t actually gas, it’s a fine powder that creates a mist when deployed. The most commonly used form of tear gas is CS gas, which was first discovered in 1928. The U.S. Army later adopted it for controlling riots in 1959. 


Other common types of tear gases include chloroacetophenone (CN gas), oleoresin capsicum (pepper spray), and dibenzoxazepine (CR gas). 


Tear gas was once used as a chemical weapon, however, it’s currently illegal for wartime use today. In 1993, many of the world’s countries came together in Geneva to sign an international treaty to prevent chemical warfare. 


Almost every country signed the international treaty except for four U.N. member states: South Sudan, Israel, North Korea, and Egypt. 

 

Symptoms of Tear Gas Exposure

Contact with tear gas leads to a whole slew of problems, like irritation of the respiratory system, eyes, and skin. The pain occurs because the chemicals in the stuff bind with one of two pain receptors, either TRPA1 or TRPV1. 


Believe it or not, TRPA1 is the same exact pain receptor that oils in mustard, wasabi, and horseradish bind to give them their strong flavors. CR and CS gas are more than 10,000 times more potent than the oil found in these foods. 


The severity of the experienced symptoms after getting exposed can depend on:


  • How much gas is used

  • Whether you’re in an open or enclosed space

  • Whether you have a pre-existing medical condition that may be exacerbated

  • How close you are in proximity to the tear gas when it’s released. 


Most individuals recover from tear gas exposure without any significant symptoms. 


Individuals who have been exposed to tear gas often refer to it as excruciating pain. You initially feel that your eyes are burning, almost like they're on fire. This activates the tear reflex as a defensive measure as well as activates spasming of the eyelid muscles that essentially forces you to keep your eyes shut.


Blinding you with tears and involuntary blinking, the tear gas enters your lungs and nasal passages and triggers a secretion of mucus -- an effect that is compared to asphyxiation or even drowning. The skin on your lips and face begin to feel like it’s burning. On top of the sheer anxiety, some people also start vomiting and experiencing an elevated heart rate. 


It’s a truly brutal tactic and, unfortunately, doesn’t seem to be going anywhere any time soon. 

 

How to Care for Your Skin in the Event of Tear Gas Exposure

When tear gas comes into contact with your exposed skin, it can lead to quite a bit of irritation and pain. The irritation can last for days in some severe cases. 


Other symptoms include:


  • Redness

  • Itching

  • Blisters

  • Chemical burns

  • Allergic dermatitis


If you’re planning on protesting, here are a few things you should know to take care of your skin:


Cover up. 

Cover your skin as much as possible. Wear long pants and sleeves to help keep tear gas from making direct contact with your skin. 


Skip oil-based makeup. 

According to experts, oil-based makeup, sunscreen, and creams can cause tear gas to stick to your skin, making it much more of a challenge to wash off. 


Get out of the area immediately.

It’s crucial to limit your exposure to any tear gas. Remove yourself from the situation as soon as possible because longer exposure means more tears, mucus, choking and itchy skin. 


Remove any contaminated clothing. 

The active ingredients found in tear gas can easily bind to your clothes, exposing your skin to pain and irritation over and over again. Remove your outer layer of clothing ASAP. To avoid triggering another wave of pain, cut off any clothes that have to be pulled over your head. 


Experts suggest getting rid of those clothes because CS is particles -- it’s not gas that dissipates. Once you have been exposed, these particles will stay on your skin, and they can, and will, cause burns. Don’t risk it: Quickly seal your clothes in a plastic bag, then seal that bag inside another plastic bag. 


Get home and shower ASAP.

Showering is of the utmost importance because it finalizes that initial rinse right after exposure. Try to get home or find a safe location where you can shower with plenty of soap and water. Remember, if you’ve been gassed, you shouldn’t feel any shame in leaving the protest to take care of yourself. 


Take a COLD shower.

Whatever you do, be sure to avoid hot water, as it can make the stinging sensation much worse. It’s tough to get the substance completely out of your hair, so once you hop out of the shower, wrap a clean cloth around your head to catch sweat. Nothing is worse than thinking you removed all the tear gas from your body only to work up a sweat later, causing tear gas-saturated sweat to drip from your hair and into your eyes.


Moisturize your skin. 

Tear gas does quite a bit of damage to your skin -- including damaging your skin’s moisture barrier. 


Our hydrating mask is one option you have to help put moisture back in your skin. This thick, whipped mask is packed with powerful botanicals to restore skin while fortifying its damaged moisture barrier. It also helps to soothe sensitive and stressed-out skin.


Does Milk or Baking Soda Help Skin Irritation?


There are many different gas remedies floating around the internet -- some have said that baking soda, milk, or antacid solutions can help. 


To be clear, none of these methods have much research behind them, so it’s best to stick with water and the methods above to decontaminate as quickly as possible. Experts suggest that once the tear gas is on your skin and you’ve removed yourself from the area, it’s best to just let it run its course and let your body flush out the substance. 


The burning will stop and the best thing you can do is safely remove the gas particles, so you don’t recontaminate yourself or others. 


 

Bottom Line

During a pandemic caused by a respiratory illness, it’s critical to avoid tear gas as much as you can by preparing for the possibility before a protest and having a backup plan if you’re exposed. 


If you’ve tried some of the tips listed above and don’t feel that your skin is getting any better, it’s important to seek medical care immediately. But don’t panic -- most symptoms associated with tear gas tend to dissipate over the course of a few days, especially if you’re taking extra care to nurture your skin after contact. 


Topicals supports you in the fight for justice.




Sources:

https://www.healthline.com/health/nociceptive-pain

https://ihl-databases.icrc.org/customary-ihl/eng/docs/v2_rul_rule75

https://emergency.cdc.gov/agent/riotcontrol/factsheet.asp


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Stress and Flare-ups

Have you realized your eczema flares most when your workload spirals out of control,or perhaps it feels like a new pimple pops up every day when your personal life is in shambles. If you have always suspected that stress has the power to make your skin act differently, prepare to feel validated. 


We want to let you know that it’s not all in your head -- feeling stressed out really can affect your skin and vice versa.


In this article, we’ll tell you everything you need to know about how stress affects your skin and what you can do to help get through flare ups.



 

How Does Stress Affect Skin?

As more of us are facing an increase in demands, it’s no secret that feeling chronically stressed can impact our mental and physical health in many ways.


Chronic stress messes with your body, from appetite changes to sleepless nights. We always have to remember to put ourselves first though. 


It turns out that your stress levels can also seriously impact your skin, causing side effects like excessive sweating or hair loss and exacerbating existing skin conditions like rosacea or eczema. In fact, the link between skin and stress is becoming better understood in the medical community -- psychodermatology is a relatively newer field that addresses the impact of an individual’s emotion (like stress) as it relates to the skin. Yeah, there’s science behind the effects of your stress. Seriously. 


While the relation between stress and skin is still being studied, here are some of the many ways your skin can be impacted by your stress levels:


 

Acne Breakouts

By now, many well-known myths surrounding acne have long been disproven, and we now know that it’s not just teens who battle breakouts. Adult acne is surprisingly common and has many causes, with stress being a major trigger. 


It’s very common for people to experience breakouts when they’re under stress -- and it’s all due to hormonal changes our bodies experience during times of stress. You see, your body releases stress hormones, including cortisol, which may increase your skin’s oil production, making you prone to breakouts. It kinda sucks, but it’s a part of life, so just keep it in mind as you’re getting through life. 


If you are suddenly battling breakouts and can’t figure out why, you might want to check in with your stress levels and try using a soothing hydrating mask packed with powerful botanicals to help nourish sensitive and stressed-out skin. It’s always a good time to give yourself some love. 

 

Eczema Flare-ups

If you happen to have eczema, the common skin condition that typically presents as a red, itchy rash,you might find that flare-ups are during stressful times. Some individuals with the condition may find that their flare-ups start or worsen with increased stress. 


Once eczema is active on the skin, it can also lead to more stress as eczema can be unbelievably itchy -- so it can create a cycle. This is because stress can increase inflammation which can easily trigger an eczema flare up. There are some tools that can help you though. 


To soothe irritated, itchy skin, our LIKE BUTTER Hydrating Mask works wonders here, too. 

 

Rosacea Flare-ups

Just as inflammation can cause an eczema flare-up, it can also trigger a flare-up in those who have rosacea. 


It’s well-known that rosacea, characterized by redness or flushing and tiny red bumps, can have many triggers, including -- you guessed it -- stress. Being stressed can trigger an inflammatory response that can seriously aggravate your skin, leading to an increase in redness and bumps.  

 

Hive Flare-ups

Hives (A.K.A. urticaria) are due to an increase in histamine levels in the body. While many times the triggers for hives are unknown, it can be due to a recent infection, medication, food allergy or intolerance as well as stress. 


Any sudden skin reaction like hives should be examined by your primary care provider or a dermatologist, who can determine if your hives are stress-related or if there is another underlying cause. 

 

Psoriasis Flare-ups

Did you know that those who have psoriasis -- a common skin condition that is marked by thick, scaly patches of skin that might appear all over the body -- have a cyclical relationship with out


Stress can be considered a major trigger of a psoriasis flare-up, but a psoriasis flare-up can also cause stress. It’s just like that. 


Stress may trigger the condition by increasing inflammatory markers that are involved in psoriasis. Although much more research is needed to determine the exact mechanism, one study from 2004 showed that 66 percent of psoriasis patients reported that their psoriasis was exacerbated by stress.


Your doc or dermatologist can help alleviate this catch-22 if you find that your psoriasis is worsened by stress or vice versa. Just tap in with them.


 

Puffy & Dark Circles Under Eyes

It’s pretty common for many of us to experience dark undereye circles after a few restless nights, and when we’re stressed out, we might pick up habits that lead to stress showing up on our faces. It’s the best, right? 


Often when we’re stressed, we are not always as great about taking care of ourselves -- getting quality shut-eye, staying hydrated, or eating well—all of which can lead to dark circles.

 

Dull Skin

Similarly, if you’ve taken notice that your overall skin tone just isn’t as bright these days, it might be a matter of stress showing itself on your face. When we're stressed, we often forget to take care of our skin or follow our daily skincare routine. As a result, your skin can look dull.

For many people, skincare is a form of self-care -- so if you find that your routine helps relax you, you might want to keep at it, especially when you’re feeling extra stressed. You deserve it. 


To help brighten up your complexion, we love our Brightening & Clearing Gel can work to gently fade the look of your most stubborn marks, scars, and spots so that you can kick back and let your worries fade away.  

 

Flakey & Dry Skin

If you’re noticing an overall change in your skin’s texture, it’s wise to check in with your stress levels. When your skin is stressed, cortisol can lead to a decrease in the synthesis of hyaluronic acid, which can lead to moisture loss in the skin, ultimately causing your skin to look thirsty and dehydrated. 


When we’re feeling especially stressed, it’s not uncommon for us to  forget to apply soothing moisturizers and creams, so this can also affect how the skin looks. Self-care and stress-reduction often go hand-in-hand. 


If you’re feeling especially dry, our hydrating mask can help here, too! All you have to do is apply a thin, even layer onto cleansed damp skin, leaving it on for at least twenty minutes, and voila -- your skin will be soft like butter!

 

Bottom Line

At the end of the day, stress is inevitable, and we all tend to deal with it from time to time. But for those struggling with chronic stress, chances are they’re also dealing with a skin flare-up or two. 


While getting our stress levels down is sometimes much easier said than done, thankfully, there are some amazing skincare products available to help soothe stressed-out skin, like the ones here at Topicals.   


We’re here to take skincare to a new level with science-backed products made with you and your skin in mind. Made without any dye, fragrance, and completely free from animal testing, our medicated botanicals are here to nourish, soothe, and make you feel as good as you look!




Sources:


https://www.psychiatrictimes.com/view/psychodermatology-when-mind-and-skin-interact

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/rosacea/symptoms-causes/syc-20353815

https://nationaleczema.org/eczema/

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/psoriasis/symptoms-causes/syc-20355840

https://www.inc.com/marla-tabaka/stress-is-inevitable-way-you-handle-it-could-mean-difference-between-success-failure.html


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  • Read time 3 minutes

Hyperhydrosis

If you ask us, summer is the perfect time to hit the trails, soak up some sun at the beach, and hang out at the park. But with all the perks of warm weather comes sweaty feet. 


Whether your feet are slip-sliding out of your flip-flops, or burning up in your hiking boots, overly-moist (sorry!) feet can be frustrating and -- especially if they start to stink. 


So, why must your feet sweat so much, you ask? We’ll tell you. Read on to get the truth about foot perspiration.

 

What Exactly is Hyperhidrosis?

It’s common to have sweaty feet at times, but excessive sweating can indicate a medical condition called hyperhidrosis, which affects almost five percent of people worldwide -- that’s a whopping 367 million people, just to put it into perspective for ya. 


Hyperhidrosis can mean you wind up producing much more sweat than what’s typically associated with nervousness or exercise. Simply put, your sweat glands remain “on” for longer bouts of time and don’t stop properly. 


Those with plantar hyperhidrosis -- or sweaty feet -- often find themselves contending with athlete’s foot, nail fungus, blisters, soggy footwear, or continually cold feet. 

 

Causes of Sweaty Feet

Pinpointing the exact cause behind these bouts of extreme sweating continues to prove challenging for researchers, but there’s possibly a hereditary connection. Thanks, fam. 


Some types of hyperhidrosis can be secondary, which means that they’re due to another cause. However, plantar (foot) hyperhidrosis usually is:


  • Idiopathic, meaning there’s no identifiable cause

  • Accompanied by excessive sweating on the palms


In rare cases, some genetic syndromes can be a secondary cause for excessive sweating on the soles and palms. If you’re worried that your sweaty feet might be due to an undiagnosed, underlying medical condition -- be sure to make an appointment to talk to your doctor. 


Wait -- What About Stress?

Yup, hyperhidrosis can be stress-related -- which is why it’s often referred to as emotional sweating


Stress-related sweating often occurs at the underarms, palms, and soles of the feet. This pattern of sweating -- which happens even when you’re not necessarily overheated -- is common in young people and may last well into adulthood. 


So, how does someone know when they’re dealing with hyperhidrosis versus normal sweating? Here’s the scoop.


If the sweat and odor aren’t exactly helped to any degree with OTC products, and they’ve become a source of stress -- there’s a good chance it may be hyperhidrosis. 


A good example of hyperhidrosis is someone who needs to constantly change their socks or who goes through shoes constantly due to odor. In this case, a medical evaluation would be advisable to rule out other less common causes of hyperhidrosis, such as hyperthyroidism, diabetes, or menopause. 

 

How to Prevent Sweaty Feet

While excessive foot perspiration may feel permanent to put up with forever, there are many ways to dial down your sweat production to keep your feet cool, dry, and happy. Keep scrolling to check them out.


Wash Your Feet Daily

Washing your sweaty feet not only rinses away bacteria and sweat, but cools the skin down and reduces further sweating. You’ll thank us, trust me. Aim to wash your feet at least once a day. Also, use an OTC antifungal soap or add a few drops of antimicrobial essential oil, such as eucalyptus or tea tree, to the water.


Be sure to dry your feet thoroughly with a clean towel, especially in between the toes. Damp feet allow icky fungus and bacteria to flourish. Before slipping on your cozy socks, apply a light dusting of antifungal powder or cornstarch and voila.


Pick The Right Shoes

Unfortunately, some of the trendiest picks for summer shoes -- like colorful sneakers, strappy leather sandals, and plastic slip-ons -- trap in heat, which results in super sweater feet. But don’t worry, we have options for you. 


In order to keep your feet dry, you don’t necessarily have to avoid these materials altogether, but you do want to make sure they’re 100% breathable. 


Try a great sneaker with air mesh toppers and sandals with minimal upper material for plenty of cool airflow. Naturally porous soles made from jute or cork can also help keep your feet cool. 


Leave Some Wiggle Room

Shoes that are too tight aren’t just really uncomfortable -- they also increase the chances that you will end up with sweaty feet inside. If your little piggies are squished inside your shoes, that will reduce the airflow to them and keep the temperature higher, especially between your toes. To avoid turning your shoes into a personal steam room for your feet, make sure your shoes provide you with enough breathing room to wiggle your toes. 


Stock Up On Moisture-Wicking Socks

We all love cotton -- it’s super soft, super absorbent, and super affordable. However, it’s actually one of the worst things for keeping your feet dry because cotton doesn’t absorb moisture without becoming -- and staying -- soaked. Ugh. 


While it might sound a little counterintuitive, wool socks are your best bet for dry and cool feet in the summertime, as wool wicks away moisture (rather than absorbs) to prevent your feet from becoming wet and soggy. 


Keep Some Back-Up Socks Close By

If you find yourself with sweaty feet halfway through a crazy workday, there is a really simple solution: Keep a second pair of socks on hand so you can change them out. See, that wasn’t too tough, right? 


Apply A Little Antiperspirant 

Did you know that your feet contain more sweat glands per inch than any other part of your body? Yup, it’s true -- there are approximately 125,000 sweat glands on each foot. Wow, right? 


Antiperspirant deodorant is an easy-to-use remedy for sweaty feet. These popular products work by temporarily blocking the sweat glands. 


Experts over at the American Academy of Dermatology recommend applying a quality antiperspirant to dry feet right before bed and washing it off in the morning. 


You can then repeat this process for another three or four consecutive nights before switching to once or twice a week.  


Always Stay Hydrated

When you’re juggling a busy schedule, it’s easy not to drink enough water and find yourself sweating even more to keep your body temp in check. 


While eight glasses of H2O is a good rule of thumb, just how much water you need can vary vastly depending on what you are doing and how hot it is outside -- so keep a big water jug or bottle on hand and drink up whenever you feel thirsty. Drink up!


Find Ways To Lower Your Stress

Stress can definitely be the culprit behind your sweaty feet. That said, one great way to combat excessive sweating is simply by doing things to lower your stress. Disconnect from everything and everyone and take a little time for yourself. Yes, that means log out of social media. 


Go outdoors and breathe in the fresh air, meditate and listen to your breathing, sign up for that Pilates class you’ve been dying to try. Whatever it is that makes you happy and can dial down your stress -- do it! 


Another great way to relax is simply by pampering yourself with a DIY spa night. Fill the bath with warm water, light a few candles, turn on the tunes, and pour yourself a glass of wine. To make your spa night extra special, put on a hydrating face mask to soothe your skin as you let your worries fade away. Your future self will love you for it. 


We love Like Butter from Topicals -- a whipped mask packed with powerful botanicals, for skin so smooth, it’s like butter. All you need to do is apply a thin, even layer onto your cleansed, damp skin, leave it on for 20 minutes while you soak in the tub, and wipe it off. 

 

Bottom Line

Sweaty feet can put a real damper on your day. Thankfully, there are many things you can do to keep your feet dry, cool, and happy. One of those things is simply dialing down stress. There are many ways to do this, but if you ask us, nothing is more relaxing than a soothing bubble bath with an ultra-hydrating face mask -- like Topicals’ Like Butter. This thick, whipped mask is packed with powerful botanicals for skin so smooth, it’s like butter. 


Topicals is more than beauty and more than skincare. We’re a new standard -- medicated botanicals. We only use the best ingredients and herbs that have been scientifically proven to work with your skin, not against it. 


Whether you’re struggling with dry skin, oily skin, or a combination of the two -- we’re here to help you feel comfortable, confident, and happy.




Sources:  

Hyperhidrosis: Diagnosis and treatment | AAD

Hyperhidrosis: Management Options | NCBI

Hyperhidrosis and Its Impact on Those Living With It - AJMC

International Hyperhidrosis Society | Sweat Help



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  • Read time 3 minutes

Psychodermatologists

 

About

Understanding the relationship between the skin and the mind is complex, fascinating, and tends to confuse many people. Interested in learning about it? Keep reading.

Psychodermatology is the study of the interaction of the mind and skin. Basically, it is the idea that stress can cause skin conditions and skin conditions can cause stress. Psychodermatologists are trained to treat patients with both prescription medications and multiple therapy modalities. When a blemish pops up on your skin, chances are you spring into action. You probably examine it, review your arsenal of beauty products, and calculate the very best treatment to clear it up immediately. You may even consider popular prevention tactics -- analyzing your food journal to eliminate a potential trigger or finally replacing your body wash -- to ensure there are no reappearances. But then it returns. Why? 


Well, maybe you’re not treating the right thing. According to a relatively new era of study, “treating” skin problems may have more to do with your mind. Yup, your mental health affects your skin. 


What is Psychodermatology?

Psychodermatology is a growing field of study focused on the overlap of dermatology and psychiatry, and it’s all about studying the link between the skin and the mind. There are hundreds of ways that the skin and mind interact. And that connection works in both directions: mind affects the skin, skin affects the mind-- both negatively and positively. 


Strong emotions such as stress, grief, sadness, and anger can all affect the skin. For instance, just think back to a time when you felt embarrassed  about something. It’s likely your cheeks just went pink at the very thought of it. Sure, this is a pretty simplistic example, but it demonstrates how your mind can influence a reaction in your skin, even on a basic level. 



Uhm, How Exactly Are The Skin And Mind Linked?

Both the skin and the mind are connected via multiple pathways in our vascular nervous and endocrine systems, and that link up happens  before we’re even born. It’s because when we’re tiny embryos, our brain and skin are made from the same layer of cells during development -- so they’re connected from the very beginning. 



 

Skin Conditions And Your Brain

We’ve all broken out during our period  or when we are super stressed out. It’s super common. For anyone who has ever experienced a chronic skin condition though, finding an effective treatment can be emotionally and mentally draining. 


According to a study from 2018, researchers found that people with breakouts are more likely to develop depression, and a 2014 survey of 1,675 participants with rosacea (a skin condition that causes redness and bumps) demonstrated that 90 percent of them reported lower self-confidence and self-esteem. While most skin conditions aren’t life-threatening or even contagious, many are visible -- on the face, the arms, or the chest, for instance -- and socially stigmatizing. 


There are many different aspects to skin conditions -- including the impact of the condition itself on the person’s psychology and how it can or will interfere with the person’s socialization, relationships, self-esteem, or in severe cases, ability to find work. 


All too often, skin diseases are perceived to be more benign because they are not necessarily life-threatening. So many people may ignore taking care of them because they believe the conditions are solely a cosmetic concern and don’t consider the emotional and mental impacts. Today, however, there are many great treatment options for a lot of common skin disorders. 


There are also instances when the skin condition results from an underlying psychological disorder or worsened by trauma or stress. 



Wait, How Does Stress Affect The Skin Specifically?


Let’s take a quick peek at psychodermatology through the lens of stress. 


One of the most common skin conditions caused by stress is blemishes (yes, stress-induced breakouts are real). Your skin becomes much more sensitive when you’re experiencing stress because it leaks a little bit more moisture than usual when there are stress hormones circulating. Someone might be using a skincare product that they’ve used forever, the ingredients don’t change, but suddenly, they get an itchy rash from it. 


As if that’s not encouragement enough to keep your stress levels in check, believe it or not, stress can also cause accelerated signs of aging to appear in our skin. This is a phenomenon called stress aging.


Aside from sensitivity, blemishes, and premature aging of the skin, other conditions can result from stress. So, be sure to take some personal time for yourself and destress. It’s a must. 



Treating Your Skin By Treating Your Brain

The aim of psychodermatology isn’t to substitute psychotherapy for medicine but, instead, to recognize that emotional issues may also be involved -- especially when a condition resists regular  treatment. While it’s crucial to evaluate and treat a skin concern medically prior to looking into its psychological aspects, sometimes a drug or other medical approach that doesn’t work on its own becomes much more effective when combined with psychological strategies. 


Psychodermatology practitioners treat skin essentially the same way a psychotherapist treats behavior -- by learning how it responds to environmental and emotional stressors and helping to moderate those responses. Some treatment plans can include therapy or stress-reduction techniques as well as medication. 


Each individual’s treatment plan is subjective based on his/her condition and the recommendations of their medical team. So although you may feel stuck or even trapped by your skin condition -- take a great big deep breath and know that there are solutions to manage the breakout and improve your mood, too.



How Can You Utilize Psychodermatology At Home?

Psychodermatology is all about caring for your skin by caring for your mind and stress management is an essential piece of the puzzle. That’s especially true today when we are all coping with the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic on top of all of our other daily stressors. 


That means that good habits help you manage stress -- whether that’s exercise, medication, or even journaling -- become effective preventative skin care measures. Yup, you read that right! That’s because less stress can mean fewer breakouts, dryness, dullness, and sensitivity. Simply put -- stress reduction is skincare. Who would’ve thought?


When it comes to skincare products, try cultivating an effective routine based on positivity and enjoyment. If you are putting a product on your face, you should have a positive experience with it. You deserve it. 


A good skincare routine should take place twice a day (morning and night) and shouldn’t hurt -- everything should feel good. If something happens to have a fragrance, for example, you should like the smell. 


In other words, use great skincare products that you like and ultimately make you feel good. Don’t make your skincare routine stressful. Not sure where to find great skincare products? Check out Topicals, the new standard -- medicated botanicals. Using only science-backed ingredients and herbals, Topicals works with your skin to leave it feeling hydrated, healthy, and happy.

 

Bottom Line

Psychodermatology is a combination of dermatology and psychiatry. 


The connections between skin conditions and stress are undeniable. Psychodermatology represents an innovative way forward for the treatment of both.


The field, however, is still growing, so there isn’t a dedicated guideline on what to do if you suspect your stress is causing flares in a particular skin condition. But it also doesn’t hurt to take steps to manage your stress. Try mediation, yoga, or deep breathing exercises to get your stress levels under control. 


You can also try changing around your skincare routine to use great products that make you feel happy. Not sure where to look? Head on over to Topicals.


Topicals understands that life (and skin) is fluid and messy. That’s why they’ve created skincare products that are made from science-backed ingredients and herbals to work with your skin -- not against it. What’s more, they donate 1 percent of their profits to crucial mental health movements to help raise awareness around the connection between skin and mental health. 


When you support Topicals -- you’re not only getting your hands on some of the best skincare products around, but you’re also supporting mental health advocacy for those who need it most. 





Sources: 


The Link Between Skin and Psychology | APA


Recognizing the Mind-Skin Connection | Harvard Health.


Conditions: A to Z | AAD


Stress, Inflammation, and Aging | NCBI


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Sleep and Flare-ups

 

Overview

Sleep is essential for many reasons. If you don’t get enough rest, the telltale sign could be right in front of you. Read on to learn more.

Grandma was right -- we really do need our beauty rest. In addition to the cognitive, behavioral, and health-related reasons for getting the recommended seven to nine hours of quality, uninterrupted shut-eye, it turns out that a lack of sleep also affects our outward appearance in several ways, ultimately resulting in skin flare-ups. 


In this article, we’ll tell you everything you need to know about the importance of good sleep for healthy skin to help keep flare-ups at bay. 


Are you ready? Let’s dive in!

 

How Sleep Affects The Health And Appearance Of Your Skin

You may already have a solid skincare routine that includes cleansing your face, applying night cream or using moisturizer. Whether it is a regular skincare routine or wearing sunscreen on a sunny day -- caring for your skin takes work. 


Skin is the body’s largest organ, and its job is to serve as a barrier to protect your body from foreign toxins and organisms. 


Getting an adequate snooze each night is essential for your health -- including your skin. If you're trying to improve the health and appearance of your skin, consider adding an hour or two of sleep to your routine. #SleepyGirlSummer


While you sleep, your body naturally releases growth hormones, which help with cell and tissue repair to restore your skin. Sleep also ensures the proper production of cytokines, which are tiny molecules that help your immune system fight off infections -- including ones that affect the skin. 


Without adequate shut-eye, you’re more at risk for numerous mental and physical health concerns. Additionally, you may observe many changes in your skin as well as your complexion. 


Here are some of the ways sleep, or a lack thereof, can impact the way your skin looks and feels. 



Flare-Ups

Did you know that a lack of sleep may be linked to blemishes appearing? Yup, it's true. Those who report poor sleep quality are much more likely to experience more intense bouts of acne. Fatigue and sleepiness upon waking up are also strongly associated with skin issues. 


You see, stress is a factor in the development of acne. And when you are stressed, your body naturally produces cortisol (stress hormone) and inflammatory proteins. Sleep deprivation can also significantly raise your cortisol levels. 


This significant cortisol increase can negatively impact your immune system’s fighting power -- which can lead to increased skin problems, exacerbate them, and result in a flare-up. 


A strong immune system is key to keeping flare-ups at bay. If you’re dealing with a skin condition, not getting enough sleep makes your immune system suffer, which can easily cause a flare-up. 



Puffiness, Eye Bags, and Dark Circles

Skimping on quality shut-eye leads to a much more tired appearance. Researchers have found that your forehead, eyes, and mouth reveal to others that you aren’t getting enough quality rest. In particular, one of the hallmark signs of sleepiness is the presence of puffy eyes and dark circles. 


OK, so not all dark circles come from sleep loss, but it is often a contributing factor. One recent study took a look at 200 people who had periorbital hyperpigmentation -- the medical term for dark circles around their eyes. Of this group, 40 percent suffered from lack of adequate sleep.


In another study, observers were asked to rate the faces of a group of people. A photo of each person was taken after a full night’s sleep, and another was taken after only five hours of sleep, followed by 31 hours of wakefulness. Observers easily identified the well-rested faces as being more youthful and alert most of the time. 


They also noted that dark circles and eye puffiness as one of the most obvious signs the subjects didn’t get enough quality shut-eye. Not only that, but the observers also noticed that the faces with little rest appeared sadder as well. 


So if you want your complexion to give off a cheerful vibe -- make sure you’re in bed at a decent hour. Your skin will love you for it. 





Aging of Skin

In addition to flare-ups, puffiness, eye bags, and dark circles, less sleep can also lead to the appearance of aged skin. When you get little sleep, your skin doesn’t retain as much water. 


A high water loss indicates that your skin barrier is weak. Seeing as sleep helps your body to repair itself, those who have slept well tend to have 30 percent greater skin barrier recovery than those who have slept poorly. 


Bottom line: get your rest -- it’s more important than you think.


 

Tips For Better Sleep For Better Skin

So, what’s the best way to combat flare-ups, puffiness, eye bags, dark circles, and premature skin aging? We’ll let you in on all the skin secrets. Here are some of the best tips for better sleep for better skin:

Tip #1: Get A Full Night Of Sleep

The very best place to start for your skin and your overall health is to get the recommended amount of rest each and every night. 


Sure, sometimes you might have an off day, but you should do your best to always average seven to nine hours of quality sleep. If you’re wondering how to reset your internal clock and catch up on much-needed rest -- try turning your alarm clock off and sleeping in on the weekends. Your body will adjust. 



Tip #2: Cleanse Your Face Before Hitting The Hay

We know sleep is a surefire way to help the skin repair itself: blood flow increases, collagen is rebuilt, and the muscles in your face finally relax after a long day. 


Hopping in bed with a dirty face can also harm the appearance of your skin. Cleansing your face each and every night is arguably more important than in the morning.ou don’t need to use super fancy products or scrub too hard. A gentle cleanser -- like Faded from Topicals -- to remove makeup, dirt, and extra oil is all you need to get the job done. 


You don’t want to provide the day’s pore-clogging irritants the opportunity to sink in and do damage overnight, which can ultimately cause a flare-up. 



Tip #3: Use An Overnight Face Mask And Keep A Glass Of Water On Your Bedside Table

Cleansing your face can sometimes dry it out, and sleeping can also dehydrate your skin -- especially if you dream in a low-humidity environment. While staying adequately hydrated by drinking good ol’ H2O can help to some extent, what your skin craves at night is a topical hydrating face mask -- like Topicals’ Like Butter. This deliciously thick whipped mask is packed with powerful botanicals for skin so smooth it’s like butter.



Tip #4: Elevate Your Head

Believe it or not, something as simple as elevating your head while you snooze has been proven to help with snoring, nasal drip, and acid reflux -- all issues that can disturb the quality of your sleep and, therefore, your skin. Plus, it can also help dark circles and eye bags by improving blood flow and preventing blood from pooling. So, keep your head up, always. 



Tip #5: Catch Z’s On Your Back

It makes sense that the position of your face while you sleep (for one-third of your day!) matters to your skin. Sleeping on a rough cotton surface can be irritating and compress your face for long hours at a time, resulting in wrinkles. 


While most wrinkles are caused by the expressions we make while we’re awake, fine lines and wrinkles on the face and chest can result from dreaming on your stomach or sides. An easy solution to this is simply changing up your sleeping position to sleep on your back. 


If you’re a die-hard side sleeper -- get a skin-friendly pillow. A silk or satin pillow minimizes skin irritation and compression. Sweet dreams!


 

Bottom Line

Sleep is essential for many reasons. And without it, our entire body tends to suffer -- especially our skin. A lack of quality rest can weaken the immune system, exacerbating skin conditions, resulting in flare-ups, and can cause puffiness, eye bags, dark circles, and premature skin aging. 


To keep your skin in tip-top shape, show it some love by getting into bed at a decent hour each and every night. Consider using a night mask, like Topicals Like Butter, to lock in moisture and drink water to keep it hydrated. 


Topicals are an innovative skincare company with the dream of transforming the way you feel about skin. They understand skin is fluid and messy AF -- that’s why they created science-backed formulas created by experts, made for every shade. 


Check out Topicals today -- trust us, you’ll be glad you did!





Sources:

Water, Hydration and Health | NCBI


Periorbital Hyperpigmentation: A Comprehensive Review | NCBI


Consequences of Skin on Stress | NCBI


Acne Severity and Sleep Quality in Adults | NCBI


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  • Read time 3 minutes

Combination Skin

Figuring out your skin type is a part of getting to know yourself. It makes discovering targeted treatments much easier, which is what we all want, right? Some people can identify their skin type right off the bat (be it oily, dry, or even acne-prone), but for others of us in the skincare game, it’s not so straightforward. 

Case in point: combination skin. 

Combination skin is a skin type hybrid. But, believe it or not, combination skin is actually the most common skin type of them all. Yup, we're all more alike than we think!

Interested in learning more? In this article, we’ll dive into everything you need to know about combination skin and how to treat it. So, grab your tea and get comfortable — let’s dive in! 

 
 

What Exactly is Combination Skin?

First things first, let’s define combination skin. 

This common type of skin features two or more skin types on the face (such as oily and dry), and the condition of your skin may fluctuate between seasons. Typically, the combination skin type is characterized by dry, flaking skin on the cheeks, while excessive shine and oil appear on other areas of the face. 


Those who have combination skin often put a lot of attention on their T-zone, which includes the chin, nose and forehead. 


Here’s How Can You Tell If You Have Combination Skin

As we mentioned earlier, combination skin is one of the most common skin types. Think you might have it? Watch for these common signs and symptoms to determine whether or not you’re dealing with combination skin:


  • The appearance of extra-large pores: If you have oily patches, you may have noticed the pores in these areas look larger. As the sebaceous glands under your skin produce excess sebum (the natural oily substance that moisturizes your skin but also can make it look shiny) your pores can become blocked by dead cells, causing sebum to build up and enlarge your pores. 

  • Shiny skin: Individuals dealing with combination skin tend to experience shine on at least one portion of their face. For most, this relentless shine is most prevalent in the T-Zone and occurs because of excess oil production.  

  • Whiteheads and blackheads: When excess oil becomes trapped in your pores, it mixes with dead skin cells and other debris, causing a plug. When this plug is open to the air, it causes a blackhead. However, when it’s closed, it results in the formation of a whitehead

  • You have dandruff: Okay, so dandruff isn’t always an indicator of skin type, but many people with combination skin tend to deal with dry, flaky patches -- on their scalp (aka dandruff). Yes, your skin type affects your scalp. Your body is interconnected!

  • You battle acne breakouts with dry patches at the same time: If you happen to deal with itchy dry patches and acne breakouts at the same time, chances are you’re likely dealing with combination skin. 
 

Causes of Combination Skin

There are a handful of factors that can lead to your specific skin type, but more often than not, it just boils down to what you inherited from your parents. 

There are more sebaceous glands in the T-zone, which are responsible for creating sebum. The glands in this delicate area tend to be more active in those with combination skin, producing excess sebum that can lead to super-shine and contribute to breakouts. If your mom and dad dealt with oily skin in the T-zone and battled acne you are likely going to encounter this condition as well. That’s just how it is.

Certain lifestyle habits and products can contribute to a combination skin type. For instance, using harsh skincare products that contain dry ingredients can trigger your skin to produce oil in excess, which can irritate an acne breakout in your T-zone while drying out other parts of your face. 

 

How to Care for Combination Skin

When you have this skin type, it’s common to want to attack the oil with everything you’ve got and worry about the rest later -- but you need to turn that thinking upside down! 


Trying to soothe your T-zone with stripping cleansers and harsh acids isn’t only too much for the drier areas, but it also essentially confuses the oily zones, causing them to pump out even more sebum. Give yourself, and your skin, a break --- you deserve it. 


You should be guided by your drier areas instead, meaning mild cleansers, gentle actives, moisturizers, and calming ingredients. Glow up in every way.


Avoid harsh cleansers.

Things like alcohol and sulfates can easily strip your skin of its natural oils. They  actually encourage your skin to produce more oil. More oil equals more clogged pores and acne and you know the rest.


Stray, away from harsh ingredients and chemicals, and reach for a nourishing whipped mask packed with powerful botanicals like Topicals’ Like Butter. This super-mask will fortify your skin’s damaged moisture barrier while restoring dry, flaky skin.


Moisturize from the inside out.

One of the things that comes with  combination skin is  getting enough moisturizer into it without clogging up your pores. Thankfully, you can easily moisturize from the inside out with essential fatty acids. Eat more walnuts, flaxseed, and salmon, and consider taking a quality fish oil or flaxseed supplement. Please consult with a doctor before taking a new supplement. 


Always choose fragrance-free.

When you have combination skin, your cheeks are much more likely to be prone to dullness, dryness, irritation, and flaking. With this in mind, it’s best to avoid products with chemical fragrances and other irritating ingredients.   


Don’t forget to exfoliate.

It goes without saying that exfoliation is essential for all skin types, but those battling combination skin can benefit significantly from the right exfoliation products. Exfoliation can help open up and clear out your clogged pores in the oily sections of your face while still allowing moisture to penetrate deep into the skin in super dry areas. Certain products provide safe chemical exfoliation, or you can simply use quality granular scrubs designed to physically, yet safely, scrape off the dead skin cells that can build up in your pores.  


Our brightening and clearing gel gently fades the look of your most stubborn marks, scars, and spots so that you can kick back and let your worries fade away. Made with gentle exfoliating acids and soothing shea butter, Faded is perfect for those with combination skin. 



Always wear sunscreen.

No skin type is exempt from the everyday need for a quality, broad-spectrum sunscreen rated SPF 30 or higher. Period. 


This is one crucial step that keeps your skin at its best, whatever that looks like for you. For combination skin, a feather-light formula with a soft matte finish works best all over the face. You would apply a nourishing serum over the dry areas and then apply the ultra-light sunscreen over that. 


Stop touching your face.

This is much easier said than done, especially if you’re anxious at all. But your hands carry a lot of invisible dirt -- amongst other things -- and you don’t want to transfer that to your face. Why? Because it could end up clogging your pores.

 

Bottom Line

Having a combination skin type is exactly how it sounds: It is a combo of oily and dry areas on your face, with specifically more shine along the T-zone. That’s why caring for a combination skin type is a bit of a balancing act -- you will need to find that perfect medium between penetrating pores to unclog oil and soothing the drier, flaky regions. 


While it ultimately takes a little bit of trial and error to discover your golden skincare routine, knowing your specific skin type can definitely narrow down some essential players. If you think you just might fall into the combination skin camp, consider the above your starting stage. 


For all of your skincare needs, whether that’s for oily skin, dry skin, or a combo of the two, Topicals has you covered.





Sources:

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/acne/symptoms-causes/syc-20368047

https://www.healthline.com/health/t-zone-face#:~:text=Your%20T%2Dzone%20is%20the,chin

https://www.healthline.com/health/whitehead



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Skin Barrier

Keeping your all-important, superficial layer of skin happy and healthy is the key to maintaining comfortable skin. 

When your skin barrier is damaged, redness, dryness and everything in between can be introduced.

Plus, it’s all way too easy to harm your delicate skin barrier -- so much that you might not even realize you’re self-sabotaging your own skin with daily habits or not-so-great skincare products. Yikes.

But don’t worry—Topicals has your back, and we’ll tell you everything you need to know about your skin barrier and how you can keep it glowing.

 

What Exactly is your Skin Barrier?

Keeping your body healthy is important—and that includes your skin. When your skin barrier is strong and in good shape, it protects your skin from daily external stressors and locks in moisture. When it’s damaged though, allergens and irritants seep in and water evaporates, leaving your skin dry, dull, and dehydrated. 


The skin barrier is called the epidermis, which is the outermost layer of cells on your skin. It sits above the dermis, which houses your blood vessels, nerves, sweat glands, and importantly, elastin and collagen — the two structural proteins that give your skin bounce and firmness. Beneath that is the subcutaneous layer, which is mainly made up of fat to help give your skin a lil’ bit of cushion. 


Being the layer that is in contact with the outside world (hence the term "barrierin skin barrier), it oversees some key functions. 

The epidermis protects your skin from any sort of foreign substance, whether it be chemicals or bacteria. The epidermis also works hard to prevent water loss, keeping the skin hydrated. 


To help pull this off, the skin barrier has a pretty unique structure. The epidermis is composed of cells (mostly dead skin cells towards the top) and a matrix of lipids surrounding these cells. The powerful lipid composition of the epidermis functions to reduce transepidermal water loss. 


The best way to visualize this is by thinking of your skin barrier as an actual wall made of bricks and mortar. 


The skin barrier is provided by structures called lamellar sheets. These sheets are present between your cells of the top-most layer of your skin, the stratum corneum. These crucial structures are like the mortar between the bricks in the wall. Lamellar sheets, which are composed of fatty acids, ceramides, and cholesterol, hold your skin cells in place while keeping your stratum corneum intact. 


And when your skin barrier is intact, this construction works beautifully to keep hydration in and bacteria, allergens and pollutants out. That’s the epitome of healthy skin if you ask us.

 

Symptoms of a Damaged Skin Barrier

When your skin barrier has been compromised, it can manifest in a number of ways. In some cases, your existing skin conditions, or concerns such as sensitivity or breakouts, can intensify or flare-up. 


These tend to be the most common telltale signs that your skin barrier is damaged:


  • Dry or dull skin

  • Skin redness

  • Sensitive skin

  • Acne

  • Itchiness

  • Rough or discolored patches

  • Viral, bacterial, or fungal skin infections


If you happen to notice any of these signs that your skin barrier might be damaged, there are some things you can do to help make it healthy again. 

 

Causes of a Damaged Skin Barrier

When your skin barrier is damaged, that powerful lipid matrix (your mortar) isn’t as sturdy as it should be, which can lead to gaps and cracks. When that happens, it does a really poor job keeping those germs, allergens, and pollutants out of the skin, as well as preventing water loss from the skin. 


Not only will your skin become dehydrated, but those unwelcome invaders could cause inflammation, too. Ugh. 


The most prevalent causes of a damaged skin barrier include:


  • Genetics

  • Age

  • Aggressive skin care habits, such as over-cleansing and over-washing. 

  • Environmental aggressors, like exposure to pollution and the sun’s UV rays


If your skin barrier is damaged, it could be due to a number of different things. 


First, there’s your genetics -- these include certain skin conditions like eczema, which is a common inflammatory skin condition accompanied by a weak skin barrier, keeping it from functioning at its best, which in turn leaves the skin dehydrated and vulnerable to infection. 


Your age is another contributor since your ability to naturally produce oil wanes over time. This makes it much more challenging to replenish the lipids that are so crucial to the integrity of the skin barrier. 


Up next are the external factors or what we like to call self-sabotage. It’s okay to admit it, we all do it sometimes.


A common offender is over-cleansing your skin. By cleansing too frequently or cleansing with ingredients that are a bit too harsh or aggressive, you can strip your skin of its natural oils. That could damage the powerful lipid matrix in your skin barrier. 


In addition to over-cleansing, the most intense counterpart is over-exfoliating. Chemical exfoliants, like chemical peels, for example, are excellent at removing dirt, grime, and dead skin cells from the surface of your skin. 


However, over-exfoliating could potentially damage the live, healthy cells in your skin barrier if the concentration is too high. Meanwhile, mechanical exfoliants, such as popular scrubs or other abrasives, can create microtears in the skin, which, not surprisingly, can also harm your delicate skin barrier. 


Finally, there’s the environmental factor. 


Dry, cold air in the winter or created by indoor air control can sap moisture from your skin barrier in a matter of minutes. 


Additionally, anything that spurs the release of free radicals, such as pollution and sunlight, can also greatly impact the integrity of your skin barrier. Free radicals are unstable molecules that’ll wreak havoc on your skin, damaging collagen, cells, lipids, and even DNA in the process, ultimately accelerating the aging process.

 

How to Treat a Damaged Skin Barrier

The very first thing you need to do in order to repair your damaged skin barrier is to scope out your skincare habits and assess whether your skin needs a break or not. 


Your skin type will come into play here: if you have naturally oily skin, cleansing in the morning and again at night should be okay. If you have dry skin, you may be better off sticking to cleansing only in the evening and rinsing your face with cool water in the AM. 


Also, pick your skincare products wisely. 


If you do happen to have dry skin, reach for a whipped mask that’s packed with powerful botanicals for skin so smooth, it’s like butter. 


We of course love our hydrating mask because it helps to naturally strengthen the skin’s moisture barrier while soothing irritation and inflammation.


For exfoliating, our brightening and clearing gel contains gentle exfoliating acids to help fade some of your most stubborn marks, scars, and spots so you can kick back and let your worries fade away. 


A good moisturizer is also important, and this goes for every skin type -- even those who are oily or prone to acne. A good-quality moisturizer should become a part of your daily skincare ritual, and if your skin barrier is extremely damaged, you can never use too much moisturizer. Why? Simple, because your skin barrier can never max out on moisture.


Lastly, the best offense is always by having a good defense. Rather than trying to repair your damaged skin barrier, it’s much easier to prevent it from getting damaged in the first place. Take care of your body’s largest organ, and always wear a broad-spectrum sunscreen

 

Bottom Line

The outermost layer of your skin -- known as your skin barrier -- protects your body from a constant onslaught of environmental threats while simultaneously protecting your body’s critical water balance.  


Take care of your skin and keep your skin barrier strong with powerful medicated botanicals made for you. 


Topicals is backed by science, aiming to change the way the world views skin. Because at the end of the day, nobody’s perfect, and life (and skin) is fluid and messy af. With real information and dermatologist-approved skincare products, Topicals is your secret weapon to reaching ultimate skincare health!





Sources:


https://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/picture-of-the-skin#1

https://www.healthline.com/health/subcutaneous-tissue#:~:text=rhytides%20(wrinkles)-,Subcutis,absorber%20surrounding%20your%20vital%20organs.

https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/skin/basic_info/sun-safety.htm#:~:text=You%20can%20reduce%20your%20risk,you're%20in%20the%20shade.



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Hyperhidrosis

Hyperhidrosis is a condition that causes your body to sweat more than it needs to—and no, we’re not talking after a super intense workout. Read on to get the scoop on it.
 

If you're eating spicy foods, playing a high-energy sport or giving a nerve-wracking presentation for work or class, chances are you might experience a little perspiration. But for some people, excessive sweating can occur for no apparent reason — even when they're not working out or freaking out. So, what exactly causes excessive sweating and what's hyperhidrosis?

 

What Exactly is Excessive Sweating?

Hyperhidrosis is the official name for the medical condition of excessive sweating affecting approximately 2.8 percent of people around the nation; that’s around 7.8 million Americans. It is mainly diagnosed in kids in their childhood, teenagers, and young adults. So, it’s not too common, but it happens. 

There are a few different types of excessive sweating, such as palmar hyperhidrosis (affects underarms and face), primary focal hyperhidrosis (affects palms & soles), primary axillary hyperhidrosis (affects palms, feet, armpits, groin area, and under breasts), and plantar hyperhidrosis (affects the feet). 

While everybody sweats, the type of excessive sweating that characterizes hyperhidrosis is unpredictable and can happen without any specific reason. It can occur in one area of the body, like the palms of your hands, the soles of your feet, or under your breasts — but it can also be systemic and affect your entire body at once. That’s just life. For some people, hyperhidrosis symptoms are so severe that it becomes a lot, causing quite a bit of stress and discomfort, ultimately impacting one’s everyday life. If you’re dealing with it, we’ve got your back. 


Well, What Causes Hyperhidrosis?

Normally, a person sweats to help their body maintain a stable and healthy temperature.Without sweat, the body would overheat. That is why you sweat when you’re outside on a warm summer day or during an intense workout. Those with hyperhidrosis, however, will sweat more than their bodies need them to.


An individual with hyperhidrosis can either have a primary form or a secondary form of the condition. Primary hyperhidrosis is not as common and causes the armpits, feet, or other areas to sweat excessively. With secondary hyperhidrosis, some side effects of sweating are related to another health condition diagnosis the person may have. The body is just interconnected like that. 


Even today, doctors still don’t know what exactly causes primary hyperhidrosis, but they know it’s related to overactivity of the sweat glands. Research has suggested the condition is genetically inherited, but the exact gene that could cause the disease has yet to be tracked down. 


What Are The Symptoms Of Hyperhidrosis?

Unsurprisingly, sweating is the primary tell-tale symptom associated with hyperhidrosis. But seeing as everyone sweats regularly, you might be wondering what constitutes hyperhidrosis-level sweating. Let us give you the tea. 


Hyperhidrosis sweating can be incredibly intense and it’s pretty visible---for instance, you might see beads of sweat form on your skin, even if you’re not moving at all). It’s also common for those with the condition to sweat right through their clothes even if they’re not experiencing any of the factors that normally cause sweating, like a fever, hot weather or physical activity. The kind of sweating that characterizes hyperhidrosis is usually so extreme, it interferes with daily activities (like work, school, and hobbies),. For example, writing on paper or simply turning a doorknob can be a challenge in severe cases of hyperhidrosis.


Fungal skin infections can also be a reoccurring issue for those with hyperhidrosis because of the parts of the body where sweat tends to form, like the feet, armpits, groin, etc. Jock itch and athlete’s foot are quite common. Individuals with hyperhidrosis may experience soft, white, and peeling skin in the areas of the body where they commonly sweat -- as well as clammy hands and feet, increased body odor, and night sweats. Excessive sweating can also cause blurred vision, dry mouth, constipation, urinary retention, and irritated skin.

 

How to Manage Excessive Sweating

While there’s no cure right now, there are some things you can do to help manage hyperhidrosis.  Below are some of the best tips and tricks to keep excessive sweating at bay:


Limit Spicy Foods And Caffeine

Spicy food, such as hot peppers or curries, and caffeinated drinks, like soda  and coffee, can cause sweating, especially on your head and face. Oh, and so can alcohol! It sucks, but it’s real. 

Keep a food and drink journal to help you identify which foods or drinks make you sweat heavily. Also, try milder herbs instead of strong spices to add flavor to your food. Gustatory sweating can occur on your head and neck after eating hot or spicy foods. It can lead to nerve damage in serious cases, so be careful.


Swipe On An Antiperspirant

Antiperspirants contain physical sweat blockers -- like aluminum chloride -- which plug up sweat glands, making them a great option to combat sweat.


Pro Tip: Swipe on a good quality antiperspirant (look for “extra strength” or “clinical strength”) at night for best results, as this is when sweat glands are less active. Then, reapply in the morning. Deodorants reduce odor but don’t affect wetness. For severe symptoms, your doc may suggest a prescription-strength antiperspirant.


Procedures and Medication

Although surgery can be the last resort with helping your sweat decrease, there are some procedures to choose from. Liposuction can help to remove sweat glands, which will result in a decrease in sweat over time. Also, botulinum toxin, otherwise known as botox, can be injected into overactive nerves to slow sweat production. In more severe cases of hyperhidrosis, endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy surgery may be recommended by your doctor. 


Shop For Moisture-Wicking Fabrics

If you’re dealing with underarm sweating, reach for sweat-absorbing fabrics. You’ll want to avoid cotton and instead reach for fibers such as nylon, polyester, micro modal, and polypropylene. Dark colors are also a good choice, since they help to hide perspiration much better than lighter colors. And to help minimize foot sweating, breathable shoes are an absolute must. 


Bathe Or Shower Daily With Lots Of Care

Bathe or shower daily, using a mild cleanser like Faded from Topicals. This powerful gel serum will help balance your skin tone while smoothing rough and textured skin, leaving it soft and feeling good..

We’ll be honest, you may feel the need to shower more than once a day. If the odor from sweating bothers you, try using soap to reduce bacteria on your skin. When bacteria mix with sweat -- they cause odor. Be sure to dry off completely since germs and bacteria thrive in damp environments.


Manage Night Sweats And Hot Flashes

Apply a cool, damp washcloth to your skin, or try drinking a tall glass of ice water for quick relief at night. Prescription meds and hormone therapy may also help to relieve hot flashes. 

Many folks will try popular alternative, natural therapies, such as black cohosh, ginseng, or red clover, but there’s no conclusive proof that they work. Your best bet? Talk to your doctor to decide what’s best for you.


Reduce Stress

It’s a cycle: stress can cause sweating, and excessive sweating can cause stress. Thankfully, relaxation techniques such as meditation, deep breathing, and yoga can help control your triggers and lessen the effects of sweating. Join a local yoga class, listen to guided meditation, or just set aside a little bit of time every day to just relax. You deserve it. 


Show Your Feet Some Love

If sweaty feet are causing you stress -- avoid pantyhose. Instead, stick with socks made from materials that wick moisture from the skin, and be sure to change your socks often. And, make sure your shoes are completely dry before wearing them again. This may mean not wearing the same shoes two days in a row or going barefoot. Absorbent insoles may also prove to be helpful. Plus, keep in mind that antiperspirants aren’t just for underarms -- you can use them on your feet and hands, too.


Have A Cool Girl Summer

Lower temps at work or home can help to reduce sweating, so run a fan or air conditioner, or simply open the windows to keep air moving. Drink plenty of cold H2O throughout the day and take cool showers or baths. Dress in layered clothing so you can remove or add layers as the temperature changes. In the warm summer season, do your best to stay out of the sun and do vigorous activities (such as working out) in the morning.


Stay Healthy

Believe it or not, drinking alcohol, smoking, and weight can cause or intensify heavy sweating. So limit your booze intake, say no to cigarettes and do your best to maintain your health.

 

Bottom Line

Hyperhidrosis can be debilitating, causing unavoidable stress, tension, and more. While there’s no cure at this time, there are some things you can do to help manage symptoms. For instance, keeping yourself healthy, using a strong antiperspirant, and following a great skincare routine can do wonders to keep sweat down to a minimum.


For the best skincare products, head on over to Topicals, the new standard -- medicated botanicals. Whether you’re looking to hydrate your sensitive skin or combat a blemish flare-up, Topicals has everything you need to look and feel your best.


Sources:

Hyperhidrosis: Signs and Symptoms | AAD

Palmar Hyperhidrosis: Evidence of Genetic Transmission | NCBI


Hyperhidrosis | NORD

Epidemiology of Primary Hyperhidrosis | Sweat Help.org 

Treatment of Hyperhidrosis with Botulinum Toxin | NCBI 

Liposuction for Axillary Hyperhidrosis | NCBI

Endoscopic Thoracic Sympathectomy | Medline Plus 


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  • Read time 5 minutes

Scars

Whether from a minor scrape or a major type of injury, scars pop up whenever there's trauma to the skin. There are many practical things you can do to help reduce the appearance.
 

What Exactly are Scars?

Scars happen when an injury slices through the top layer of your skin and penetrates down to the dermis layer. What happens next really depends on your body's collagen response. If it generates just the right amount of this skin-repairing protein, you will be left with a flat, faint scar. 

On the other hand, if your body can't drum up enough collagen, you will wind up with a sunken scar. But if your body churns out too much collagen, you're stuck with a hypertrophic scar. Now, that's not to say you'll develop the same type of scar every single time you're injured, but many people tend to be predisposed to scaring in a certain way. Simply put, if you have one raised scar, chances are you're likely to have another in the future. 

Injury location is a factor as well. For example, scars on your neck and chest tend to be especially obvious because the skin there happens to be thin, and skin trauma below the waist can scar pretty badly. Why? Because cell turnover is much slower, and there is less blood flow to the lower body. 

Interested in learning more? We can help! Read on to discover everything you need to know about scars, including what they are and how to kick them to the curb. 


What Is A Scar And Why Do We Get Them?

Scars are the natural result of your skin and scar tissue trying to repair a wound. It can form from almost any kind of scratch, cut, burn, skin condition, disease, or even surgery. Only very minor incidents typically won't result in a scar. Scars can still appear even if you have healthy skin; it just depends on the injury and trauma. 


If the dermis -- or deep layer of your skin -- has been damaged, new collagen fibers naturally begin to form. Think of it as the skin essentially stitching (or mending) itself back together. However, this mending of the skin will leave behind a visible mark once it's completely healed. These visible marks -- aka scars -- let you know that your body has adequately done its job to help restore your skin as best as it can. Even if you don’t think so, your skin has your back.

 

Types of Scars

Every single wound heals a little bit differently than the next. That being said, there are many different types of scars due to the amount of collagen that your body naturally produces to heal the wound. 


Many scars tend to appear flat but more pale than the natural hue of your skin. This is because when your body creates too much collagen when mending the wound, the scar will be raised. This common type of scar is known as keloid or hypertrophic scar. Superficial scars are another type that appears long and thin. 

Depending on your skin type, scars will appear differently upon each person. The size of the scar can also vary depending on how badly the injury damages your skin, whether it be your knee, elbow, or any area of skin.


Other kinds of scars appear to be sunken into the skin or pitted. These usually result from acne and are commonly known as acne scars. Contracture scars occur when you've been burned. This type of scar produces tightened skin and can be deep, affecting both your nerves and muscles. Lastly, stretch marks happen when the skin expands or shrinks quickly, causing damage to the connective tissues under the skin. Stretch marks are common, often developing during puberty, pregnancy, or after gaining or losing a lot of weight. They’re nothing to be ashamed of.

 

How to Treat Existing Scars

While existing scars can't be waved away with a magic wand, you can help speed up the fading process by regularly applying certain topical creams, lotions, and gels to them. Faded from Topicals is a gel serum that gently fades the look of your most stubborn marks, scars, and spots so that you can kick back and let your worries fade away. This powerful brightening and clearing gel will balance your skin tone by smoothing rough and textured skin to leave it bright, revived, and beautiful. In addition, silicone-based gel products can help heal the outermost layer of a scar. 

Keep in mind that healing takes time -- possibly a long time. The first phase of healing takes roughly three months, followed by a second phase that lasts another three months. At one year after the injury, the scar has formed, but even then, it will still change and appear a little different a year after that. You see, the truth is that scars never stop changing and improving-- unless they are keloid scars, which continually worsen unless treated by a doc.

Basically, what we're trying to say here is don't give up on healing your scar. With the right products, a little TLC, and a whole lot of patience, you can minimize the appearance of your scar in no time. Scars are just your skin’s way of saying that it’s doing its best. 

 

How to Prevent Scars

It is widely accepted that scarring is a natural part of the healing process and that it's entirely out of one's hands. There may be activity restrictions when it comes down to helping your scar heal. But, there are many ways to help reduce the mark left by a wound. The most beneficial thing you can do to prevent scarring is to seek treatment. But you may also want to try these simple instructions for reducing scarring while you're at it:


Avoid Excessive Sun Exposure

When you're out and about, always be sure to properly conceal the affected area from the sun with clothing, bandages, and/or sunscreen at SPF 30 or higher. Why? Because ultraviolet (UV) rays can slow the wound healing process. These harmful rays can even cause discoloration of the healing scar tissue because the rays stimulate cells that activate pigmentation, ultimately turning the scar a dark color.  Be good to your skin, okay? 


Massage The Healing Skin

After your new layer of skin has grown over your wound, take a little time to massage it daily. This is effective in breaking down the collagen bonds and, in turn, helps reduce the appearance of scarring. Use a good quality lotion to gently massage the affected area for 15 to 30 seconds a few times each day. 

Keep in mind that some scar-specific minimizing creams haven't been clinically proven to be effective at reducing blemishes caused by wounds. Instead, some researchers believe it's the act of massaging the creams into the healing skin that reduces scarring. Regardless, treat yourself. 


Stay Away From Vitamin E

A long time ago (okay, maybe not that long ago), it was largely thought that vitamin E enhanced the body's ability to recover from a wound and help reduce the chance of scarring. However, just a couple of decades ago, scientists discovered the opposite is often true. Some studies have shown that vitamin E was administered to patients who had gone through skin cancer removal therapy. 

The results were quite interesting, showing that compared to a control group, the beloved vitamin had no real positive effects on the wound healing process. A whopping 90 percent of the study participants experienced worsened scar appearance after using vitamin E. So don’t believe the hype. 


Steer Clear Of Hydrogen Peroxide

Most of us remember being a tiny tot and having a parent pour hydrogen peroxide on our wounds, only to be dazzled by the bubbling that followed suit. But it turns out that the solution doesn't just clean the affected area -- it also kills new and important skin cells that start to grow when a wound is inflicted. This can slow down the wound healing process. 


Use A Wound Dressing

Many people also once believed that allowing the original wound to "breathe" was a good idea. The notion was that air would dry out the wound, ultimately aiding in the formation of a scab. However, scabbing isn't always a good thing and could lead to a potential infection. Try not to pick any scabs that form, as this too can cause irritation, inhibit recovery and -- you guessed it -- worsen scarring. Let your skin do it’s thing. 


Dermabrasion and Laser Treatment

Dermabrasion or microdermabrasion can help improve the appearance of scars over time. These procedures exfoliate the top layers of skin, helping to remove the outermost layers of the scar. Laser resurfacing treatments and laser therapy can help reduce the appearance of scars but can't completely remove them. Another treatment that can help reduce the appearance of scars and damaged skin is chemical peels

 

Bottom Line

Scars form after an injury as part of your body's natural healing process. Scars never completely disappear -- but they can fade over time. 

Need help trying to minimize the appearance of an old scar? Faded from Topicals may help. This powerful gel serum gently fades the look of your most stubborn scars, marks, and spots so you can feel beautiful and confident in your skin. 

Check out Topicals today and watch your scars start to fade tomorrow. 





Sources:

How Do Scars Form? | Science Daily

The Effects of Topical Vitamin E & Cosmetic Appearance of Scars | NCBI

Hydrogen Peroxide: A Potential Wound Therapeutic Target? | NCBI

The Efficacy of Silicone Gel for the Treatment of Hypertrophic Scars and Keloids | NCBI 

Dermabrasion | Mayo Clinic 

Laser Treatment For Your Scar | AAD 

Chemical Peel | Mayo Clinic 



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Seborrheic Dermatitis

Seborrheic dermatitis is a common skin condition that mainly affects your scalp (dandruff) and can be really frustrating for those that experience it. 

The skin condition causes a notoriously itchy scalp, which, when scratched, can then cause tiny flakes of skin to fall onto your shoulders and around the neck. If you happen to be wearing a dark-colored top, then you can expect this to show up rather obviously -- and can be noticeable under a UV light! 

Other than that white flaking, itching is arguably the most uncomfortable side effect that comes from dandruff, but what exactly is your scratchy scalp trying to tell you?

 

What Exactly is Seborrheic Dermatitis?

Seborrheic dermatitis is a common skin disease that causes an itchy rash with flaky and greasy scales. It causes redness on those with light skin and light patches on those with dark skin. Seborrheic dermatitis is also called dandruff, cradle cap, seborrhea, and seborrheic psoriasis. 

In most cases, it affects your scalp (dandruff), but you can get it anywhere on your body--even the armpits. It’s kind of a lot.

Now that you have a general idea of what seborrheic dermatitis is, let’s dive into the nitty-gritty in terms of causes, symptoms, and all that jazz. 


What Causes Seborrheic Dermatitis?

Your scalp is itchy, greasy white flakes keep falling out of your hair, and you’re about to scream. You know that you have dandruff--but why?

And although experts don’t know exactly what causes seborrheic dermatitis, they’ve got a few ideas. In fact, it seems to be a mix of things, including:

  • Your genes 

  • Stress

  • Certain medical conditions and medicines

  • A type of yeast/fungi called Malassezia that usually lives on your skin without causing problems -- so, we think!

  • Cold, dry weather

  • An immune system response

  • An increased level of androgens (a hormone)

  • An increased level of skin lipids

Despite what many people have come to believe, seborrheic dermatitis does not come from an allergy or from being dirty. 

Who Gets This Skin Disorder?

Roughly 11% of the population, so quiiiite a few people.

Seborrheic dermatitis occurs most often in infants younger than three months old and in adults ages 30 to 60. It’s more common in the guys than the gals and in Caucasians more so than African Americans. 

If you're born with naturally oily skin, you’re more likely to get this type of dermatitis. A history of psoriasis in your family tree makes you more susceptible as well. If you live in a cold, dry region, the weather doesn’t cause seborrheic dermatitis -- but it does make it worse, much worse. 

 

If you have any of these health issues, you’re more prone to seborrheic dermatitis.

  • HIV

  • Adult Hodgkin’s Lymphoma

  • Adult Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma

  • Organ transplant recipients

  • Depression 

  • Tardive Dyskinesia

  • Epilepsy

  • Parkinson’s disease

  • Spinal cord injury

  • Facial nerve palsy

  • Down syndrome

 

You are also much more likely to develop seborrheic dermatitis if you take these psychotropic meds:

  • Lithium

  • Haloperidol decanoate

  • Chlorpromazine

  • Buspirone

 

Symptoms of Seborrheic Dermatitis

Little ones who are three months and younger often get cradle cap, which is crusty yellow or brown scales on their scalp. It usually goes away before they reach a year old, although it can come back when they reach puberty -- as if raging hormones weren’t enough!

Adults might develop seborrheic dermatitis on their face, especially around their nose, on their eyelids, behind the ears, and even in their eyebrows. 

It can show up on other parts of your body, too:

  • Around your belly button

  • On your butt

  • In skin folds under your arms and on your legs

  • In the middle part of your chest

  • Below your breasts

  • In your groin

  • Or most commonly, on your scalp (AKA dandruff)

Your skin might feel like it’s on fire, causing it to be extremely itchy. The scales that flake off could be white or yellowish and look oily or moist. 

Some of the other symptoms of seborrheic dermatitis include:

  • Pinkish plaques, or thick skin, of scales on both sides of your face.

  • Red scales on your skin 

  • Itchy white flakes on your scalp

  • Blepharitis (scaly redness on the edges of your eyelids)

  • Flaky and itchy patches on your chest and at your hairline that are shaped like a ring or flower petal

  • Overall redness and itchiness

Since seborrheic dermatitis can look like other serious skin conditions, it’s important to see your doctor to get an accurate diagnosis and lock in a treatment plan.

 

How to Treat Seborrheic Dermatitis

In order to diagnose Seborrheic Dermatitis, your primary care physician will ask you about your medical history and take a good look at your skin. They might scrape off a tiny bit of skin to look at it further under a microscope, but don’t worry, it’s chill. 

Your doctor will do this to rule out other conditions that affect your skin, including:

  • Psoriasis

  • Eczema

  • Allergic Reaction

  • Rosacea

  • Systemic lupus erythematosus

Seborrheic dermatitis triggers depend on skin type and sensitivity. When it comes to great natural solutions, there’s no one-size-fits-all option. 

Here are some of the best natural remedies that may help you to keep seborrheic dermatitis symptoms at bay or treat flare-ups!


Good Skincare

For seborrheic dermatitis on the body, especially the face, it’s best to keep affected areas clean by washing with soap and water daily. Stay away from harsh chemicals and questionable ingredients and reach for top-notch skin care moisturizers like our Like Butter hydrating mask. Take care of your skin.

Getting plenty of natural sunlight can also help to stop the growth of yeast that inflames skin during a flare-up. And it’s perfect for a summertime selfie.

For those with scalp issues, adults can use over-the-counter (OTC) dandruff shampoos or medicated shampoos that contain salicylic acid, selenium sulfide, coal tar, ketoconazole (topical antifungal), or zinc pyrithione. 

 

Fish Oil

Rich in omega-3 fatty acids, fish oil is well-known for its anti-inflammatory qualities. In fact, research suggests that taking fish oil supplements causes a reduction in the skin symptoms of various inflammatory skin conditions, such as seborrheic dermatitis.

Fish oil is safe, provided you take it as directed. But breastfeeding mamas should be aware that taking this supplement increases the level of omega-3 fatty acids in their breast milk, which can be passed to their little one.  

Aloe Vera

Another supplement that has powerful anti-inflammatory qualities, aloe vera, has been used for many years to help soothe irritated skin related to seborrheic dermatitis. Don’t give aloe vera supplements to kids under age ten years without first discussing the safety and dosage with a doctor.

 

Probiotics

In addition to a great skincare routine, probiotics can help boost your immune system and decrease inflammatory responses throughout your body. While research on the effects of probiotics on the number of seborrheic dermatitis flare-ups is pretty limited, probiotics still promote healthier immune responses -- so they might be worth trying.

 

How to Prevent a Flare-Up

Seborrheic dermatitis can flare up anywhere at any time and is triggered mainly by:

  • Cold, dry weather

  • Stress

Other things that can cause a flare-up includes:

  • Hormonal changes

  • Harsh soaps and detergents

  • Medicines such as psoralen, interferon, and lithium

What Foods Trigger Seborrheic Dermatitis?

Although there is no particular food or drink that has been identified as a trigger for this skin condition, some studies link certain foods to seborrheic dermatitis. One such study found that a “Western” dietary pattern that mainly consists of meat and processed food (food that has been canned, cooked, frozen, baked, dried, and then packaged) might trigger flare-ups. 

Processed foods include:

  • Cookies

  • Cheese

  • Tofu

  • Bread

  • Ketchup

  • Potato chips

 

Bottom Line

Seborrheic dermatitis is a lifelong condition that comes and goes. It's best managed with treatment from lotions, to home remedies, to corticosteroids like hydrocortisone, but staying away from certain triggers can help prevent a flare-up. Controlling risk factors and practicing good skincare with great products can lessen the severity of this condition, too.

Check out Topicals today and see the difference that science-backed, dermatologist-approved botanicals can do for your skin. When you’re looking for a funner flare-up, Topicals can help! 

 

 

 

Sources:

https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/9290-depression
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/15786-cradle-cap-seborrheic-dermatitis-in-infants
https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/319113#:~:text=Fish%20oil,it%20is%20taken%20as%20directed.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6117694/


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Fungal Acne

Our hormone-heavy teen years teach us to be on high alert for acne and to attack it with every single product under the sun at the first sign of a pimple. 


Of course, as adults, we’re much wiser (well, kind of?) and understand that acne is more complex and harder to treat than the commercials of the last decade had us believe. 


For one thing, no one ever told us that on some occasions, what looks like acne, isn’t acne at all. Fungal acne is one such imposter -- and nothing on the acne shelves at the local market will do a thing to make it go away. What gives?

 

What Exactly is Fungal Acne?

First of all, what the heck is fungal acne anyway?


Fungal acne is a common type of infection in your skin’s hair follicles. It most commonly appears as tiny pimples that don’t really vary much in size or shape and is often accompanied by itchiness.


Fungal acne can cause skin irritation as well as whiteheads, which is why it’s often confused for acne vulgaris


(Acne vulgaris is the type of acne most commonly associated with whiteheads and blackheads.) 


But fungal acne and acne vulgaris are two completely different conditions with different causes. They won’t respond to the same treatment, and if you keep trying to use your favorite anti-acne treatment, you can actually make your fungal acne worse -- yikes!


That’s why it’s super important to understand what fungal acne looks like and how it develops. 


What Causes Fungal Acne?


Fungal acne is a bit of a misnomer. You see, unlike acne, fungal acne isn’t caused primarily by bacteria and oil in pores, although sebum and oil production are a big part of helping feed the bacteria that cause fungal acne. 


Instead, the irritated skin and pimple-like bumps associated with are caused by an overgrowth of yeast (yes, a fungus) that inflames the hair follicles on your skin


That’s why it’s sometimes called fungal acne, but its technical name is Pityrosporum folliculitis or Malassezia folliculitis. Say that five times fast.


The yeast responsible for your fungal acne is always present on your skin. (We know right?) Typically, your body is able to naturally balance the yeast, bacteria, and other fungi that are also a part of your skin. But if that natural balance is disrupted, an overgrowth can occur, and that’s when the infection and acne-like symptoms show up. 


There are a handful of events or conditions that can upset your natural balance of fungi and bacteria, including:


Medication. If you happen to take antibiotics, the bacteria on your skin can be reduced greatly, which can lead to an overgrowth of fungus. 


Trapped moisture. Did you know that wearing your sweaty workout clothes for too long can encourage yeast growth? Yup, it’s true. Sitting in dirty gym clothes or re-wearing them after a sweat sesh can expose your skin to fungi that have grown in your clothes. 


Diet changes. Yeast and fungi feed on carbs, so balancing your intake of carb-rich foods and sweets may help slow fungal growth. 


Warm, moist environments. Individuals living in hot, muggy climates where sweating is more likely, may experience fungal acne more frequently. Have a hot girl summer, but keep the AC on, okay?

 

Wearing tight clothes. Do you like rockin’ tight clothes? We’re sure you look fab, but regularly wearing tight clothes that don’t really allow your skin to breath can encourage extra sweat and moisture, which is the  perfect environment for yeast to grow. 

 

Symptoms of Fungal Acne

One of the main reasons why fungal acne can last for what seems like forever is because fungal acne looks inexplicably similar to acne vulgaris -- or bacterial acne. We know, we know, more mildly confusing symptoms. 


Those with fungal acne, not really knowing the difference, may try to treat it with traditional acne skin care treatments. But these treatments don’t work and can actually make your infection worse, much worse. 


Not sure how to tell the difference? Here’s how:


  • Location. Fungal acne usually shows up on the chest, back, and arms. It can also show up on your face, where bacterial acne is most common (hence all the confusion!).

  • Size. Pus-filled bumps caused by fungal acne tend to all be about the same size. Bacterial acne, on the other hand, can cause whiteheads and pimples of varying sizes. 

  • Clusters. In many cases, fungal acne appears in clusters of tiny whiteheads. Bacterial acne is usually less clustered and more sparse. 

  • Itching. One of the notorious tell-tale signs of fungal acne is itching, which is usually not a symptom of bacterial acne. 

By now, we know that fungal acne is the result of yeast overgrowth, so you may experience other unfavorable yeast-related conditions, like dandruff and psoriasis. This can help you to determine whether your breakouts are from yeast or another cause.

 

How to treat Fungal Acne

If you think you might have fungal acne, you may want to take a trip to your dermatologist. 


To determine if your symptoms are a result of fungal acne, your doc will ask about the symptoms you’ve been experiencing. 


The set of questions will likely include:


  • How long you’ve had the breakout

  • What you’ve been using to try and treat it

  • Which symptoms you’ve been experiencing


In some cases, your doctor may also want to do one of the following:


  • They may do a simple, yet effective, skin scraping (don’t worry, it’s painless) and examine the scraping under a microscope to look for any yeast responsible for fungal acne. 

  • They may perform a quick biopsy to take a skin sample for testing.


How is Fungal Acne Treated?


As we’ve mentioned, fungal acne is often treated improperly because it looks so similar to bacterial acne. Many people use anti-acne treatments in hopes of kicking fungal acne to the curb, but these treatments just won’t work (and not to mention, it’s a waste of product!) What a life.


To treat a fungal infection properly, you need to restore the balance between yeast and bacteria on your skin. 


Below are some steps you can take to help out your skin.


Shower more regularly.

If you go to the gym on a regular basis or happen to have a job that causes you to get sweaty, try showering and changing clothes right after you hit the gym or leave work. This can help immensely to wash away excess yeast that may have started growing in the warm, moist environments that grow in sweaty clothes. More reasons to spend forever in the shower? Love that for you.


Wear looser clothes.

If you enjoy wearing tight clothes, you should know that friction and low airflow can encourage yeast growth on the skin. So, if you’re experiencing fungal acne, your tight skinny jeans could be to blame. Opt for loose-fitting, breathable fabrics more regularly to help your skin get good circulation and encourage balanced fungal and bacterial growth. 


Use over-the-counter antifungal treatments.

A variety of over-the-counter antifungal creams and ointments are available, such as medications for jock itch and athlete’s foot, which are caused by a similar fungus that causes fungal acne. This should do the trick.  

 

How to Prevent Fungal Acne

We have to be honest, not all acne is preventable. Genetics play a major role in how acne is, whether fungal acne or bacterial. If you have a medical condition like diabetes or HIV, you may also be more likely to develop acne—especially fungal acne. 


The good news is that there are things you can do to help prevent the development of fungal acne, like by having a top-notch skincare routine. 


Taking care of your skin is of the utmost importance. By using amazing products like the ones found at Topicals, you can keep your skin in tip-top shape to keep everything from acne, to pigmentation, (and everything in between) at bay. 

 

Bottom Line

While the fungal acne can be a bit bothersome, the cause is usually easily treated and even preventable with a regular skincare routine using high-quality products like the ones found at Topicals


Topicals is a unique skincare company that creates science-backed, dermatologist-approved products to work with your skin -- not against it. With a passion for making the world a healthier and happier place, it’s easy to see why we’re  a go-to for those looking to show their skin some love.


Whether you’re battling acne, eczema, hyperpigmentation, or some other skin issue causing you stress, let Topicals join your team!





Sources:


https://www.verywellhealth.com/what-is-acne-vulgaris-15492#:~:text=Acne%20vulgaris%20is%20a%20skin,blackheads%2C%20whiteheads%2C%20and%20cysts

https://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/guide/fungal-infections-skin#1

https://medlineplus.gov/diabetes.html#:~:text=Diabetes%20is%20a%20disease%20in,body%20does%20not%20make%20insulin.



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Cold Sores

Cold sores are tiny blisters that form around the mouth affect more than 150 million people across the nation.  

 Also referred to as 'fever blisters,' cold sores typically develop on and around the lips and mouth as tiny, fluid-filled blisters or lesions. 

Over many days or weeks, they can break open and develop into a crust before healing. Cold sores are primarily caused by the HSV-1 variation of the herpes virus, which affects roughly 67 percent of people worldwide under 50. Don’t sweat it.

 

What Exactly are Cold Sores?

Cold sores are primarily caused by the HSV-1 variation of the herpes virus. Not to be confused with HSV-2, which usually affects the genital area, HSV-1 primarily causes the development of cold sores (herpes lesions) on and around the lips and mouth. Cold sores are super contagious and can spread like wildfire through saliva or skin contact. 

Generally speaking, people first get it when they are kids due to close contact (whether from a parent or a first kiss). Interestingly enough, only about 20 percent of those carrying the virus ever get symptoms - that is, break out in actual cold sores or small blisters. 

Cold sores can also spread from eating utensils, lip balm, and toothbrushes. They can also be triggered by various weather conditions, a weak immune system, and stress. 

The first sign of blisters can appear within days or weeks or even years following that very first exposure to the virus. The very first time symptoms appear, they are usually more intense than subsequent outbreaks. For example, some individuals experience more pain at the blister or even flu-like symptoms, including fever, swollen glands, or sore throat. 

Wait, are cold sores the same as canker sores? 

Not exactly. Cold sores typically appear around the mouth, while canker sores appear in the mouth. What’s more, cold sores are caused by a virus, while bacteria cause canker sores but, interestingly. If a cold sore does happen to appear in the mouth, it’s usually on the roof of the mouth. Canker sores typically clear up on their own, and the healing time is usually a few weeks.  

Common Signs And Symptoms Of Cold Sores

As we mentioned a little earlier, the first outbreak is usually the most severe, with symptoms varying from person to person. 

Some of the most common first-time cold sore symptoms may include:

  • Blisters or lesions on the lips, mouth, nose, cheeks, or throat
  • Gingivitis
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Fever and body aches
  • Mouth and throat pain
  • Nausea
  • Difficulty swallowing

You will experience irritating blisters with recurrent outbreaks, but the more severe symptoms, like fever and body aches, are less likely to return. 

A cold sore can pop up at really any given time after you are first infected with the virus. However, you may also notice some early signs of an outbreak a day or two before a blister appears. It’s important to check in with yourself and pay attention to your body so you know what to do. 

Early symptoms of a cold sore may include:

  • Tingling
  • Burning
  • Pain
  • Itching

The blister typically appears within 12 to 24 hours of the first symptom. After a couple of days, the blister will burst and ooze with pus, ultimately resulting in a scab.

 

The Stages of a Cold Sore

A cold store goes through five stages:

Tingling and itching occur about 12 to 48 hours before blisters erupt.

  1. Tiny fluid-filled blisters appear.
  2. The blisters burst, ooze and form tiny painful sores. 
  3. The sores dry out and eventually scab over, causing cracking and itching.
  4. The scab finally falls off, and the cold sore heals.
 

How to Prevent a Cold Sore Outbreak

Mayo Clinic recommends visiting a general doctor or a  dermatology practice; they can conduct a visual exam to confirm if you have cold sores or not.

Once you’ve been infected with cold sores, there are quite a few things that can trigger a cold sore outbreak, some of which include:

Stress

Your skin does not like stress, so try to keep it minimal, okay? Research has shown that feeling stressed or under pressure can definitely affect you physically. So if you’re wondering if stress can be one of the many culprits behind cold sources -- the answer is yes. 

When you're under mental stress, your immune system always tends to suffer. This provides your dormant cold sore virus a chance to multiply itself and form itty-bitty blisters.   

If you’re feeling super stressed, take a deep breath and try these home remedies:

  • Yoga
  • Exercise
  • Breathwork
  • Go outdoors and spend time in nature

You can also treat yourself to your very own relaxing spa night! Fill the bath with some warm bubble water, light a candle or two, put on a super hydrating whipped mask like the one from Topicals (our fave), pour yourself a glass of rosé, and relax as your troubles and stress melt away. 

Medications

Incertain scenarios, medication may be required to help treat the cause of cold sores.

Here are over-the-counter and prescription medications that could help with healing cold sores:

  • Acyclovir
  • Penciclovir
  • Famciclovir
  • Valacyclovir
  • Docosanol (or Abreva)
  • Acetaminophen

Fatigue

Fatigue, believe it or not, is another possible answer when it comes to what can cause a cold sore outbreak. Feeling burnt out and tired can make you vulnerable to cold sores because lower energy stores weigh on your immune system.

Getting quality shut-eye each and every night is key to helping your body fight off the virus (or any virus) and prevent it from producing painful blisters. A handful of things can interfere with getting a solid night’s sleep -- from having too much caffeine to stress. 

Here are a few simple ways to help you get the quality sleep your body needs:

  • Stick to a bedtime routine.
  • Avoid blue light from screens (phone, TV, laptop, etc.) after 8 pm. (Ugh, right? But hey, you have to do it. Your skin will thank you.)
  • Eat sleep-promoting foods such as beans, lean proteins, and fresh veggies. 
  • Exercise earlier in the day (ideally in the morning).
  • Make your bedroom dark, quiet, and comfortable.

Excessive Sunlight

Sun exposure -- along with the common cold and fatigue -- is one of the top three causes of cold sores. Thankfully, there are some easy ways to protect yourself:

  • Wear a wide-brimmed hat.
  • Stay in the shade.
  • Wear a lip sunscreen or block. 

Chilly Weather

Chilly weather can also trigger cold sores. Changes in air moisture and temperature can lessen the body's ability to keep the virus from producing blisters. The colder temps,dry winter air and  wind -- can cause your lips to dry out, making them much more vulnerable to a cold sore outbreak. 

Show your lips some love and keep blisters at bay with these simple methods:

  • Dress warmly.
  • Protect your face against cold, sun, and wind. 
  • Drink plenty of liquids to keep yourself properly hydrated.
  • Stay indoors to avoid severe weather. 

Hormonal Changes

The rise and fall of hormones during your menstrual cycle can be a cause of cold sores, too. These painful blisters are often experienced just before or during your time of the month as a result of the hormonal changes. Some folks also experience cold sore outbreaks during pregnancy and menstruation.

To combat this, you can try the following tips:

  • Get more rest. 
  • Try relaxation exercises.
  • Pay close attention to your menstrual cycle.

Weakened Immune System

Cold sore bacteria lies inactive in nerve cells found in your mouth. But while your immune system usually does an excellent job of making sure that the virus doesn’t multiply and result in blisters, if it’s busy fighting off another virus or infection -- such as the flu or a cold -- you may experience a cold sore outbreak. 

Here are some steps you can try to help avoid a blister outbreak during cold and flu season:

  • Get a flu vaccination.
  • Be super germ conscious and wash your hands more often. 
  • Give your body time to rest, relax, and repair.
  • Eat healthy foods that are rich in vitamins A, C, and E. 
  • Stop smoking.
 

Bottom Line

Cold sores can be difficult to deal with. However, with a little bit of guidance and practice, you can prevent future outbreaks from occurring to keep blisters at bay. One of those ways is by eliminating stress. Try meditating or simply show yourself some love with a fab skincare routine using top-notch products like the ones from Topicals. 

Topicals are much more than beauty and much more than skincare; they are the new standard-- medicated botanicals. Using science-backed ingredients and herbals to soothe, hydrate, and moisturize skin gently, it’s hard not to feel relaxed after using Topicals!

Check out Topicals today and transform the way you feel about your skin tomorrow. 


 

Sources:

Herpes Simplex | WHO

Cold sores | Harvard Health

Cold Sores | Science Daily

Can Cold Sores Be Prevented? | NCBI.

Cold Sores | Hopkins Medicine 

Canker Sore - Diagnosis and Treatment | Mayo Clinic

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Oily Skin

While there is a lot of info and advice out there packaged under the guise that you can get rid of oily skin, the fact remains you can’t get rid of your skin type—sorry!
 

If we’re being honest, many of us don’t know much about our skin. We may know that it is a little dry, or a little oily, or even acne-prone, but that’s about it. And we have to think, is the insight we have into our skin even correct? When it comes to proper care, it’s easy to get lost in a sea of skincare products that don’t exactly work out the way we thought they would. It’s also possible to start the day with an even complexion that’s slick from oil by midday. All of the oily babes, stand up!


We have news for you: with the right products, a little bit of guidance, and some well-deserved self-confidence, you can help you and your skin become even better friends.

 

What Exactly is Oily Skin

We all need a certain amount of natural oil to keep our skin supple, soft, and moisturized. Your specific skin type is determined by how much oil the skin on your face produces, and depending on this, your skin type can be categorized as oily, dry, or even a combination of the two. 


An oily skin type is exactly what it sounds like -- excess oil (sebum) on the face that produces a persistently shiny appearance. If you don’t cleanse your oily skin, your pores can become enlarged and clogged, causing dead skin cells to accumulate, resulting in acne. 


The Science Behind the Oil


Sebaceous glands are located within your skin and are responsible for secreting an oily substance called sebum. This oily substance works to lubricate the skin, protecting it from drying out or becoming irritated. Cool, right?


So sebum -- along with sweat -- is secreted through your pores. When this process goes smoothly, oil not only lubricates your skin but also removes dead skin cells and other irritants from your pores as well. 


However, when overactive sebaceous glands produce sebum in excess, your skin tends to look super-shiny, and your pores can become clogged and irritated, leading to pimples, blackheads, and whiteheads. It’s pretty common tbh.



How To Know If You Have Oily-Type Skin


It’s not too difficult to tell if you have oily skin. Look for these signs:


  • You get frequent breakouts, especially when your hormones fluctuate around your time of the month. 

  • Your skin becomes shiny within the hour after cleansing. 

  • You have relatively large pores and are prone to blackheads on your nose.

  • Makeup doesn’t stay on correctly and seems to “slide” off.


Take special note of your T-zone. This is the region of the face consisting of your nose and forehead, which naturally tend to have more active oil glands that produce excess sebum. 


If your T-zone is especially oily, but the rest of your face looks dry, flaky, or even normal, then you have combination-type skin. It’s okay, seriously. Most of us do.

 

Causes of Oily Skin

From your genetics to the climate, there are a wide range of factors that may be why you have oily skin.


Oily skin is hereditary.


If your parents have oily skin, you probs will too. Why? Because oily skin is linked to a hereditary disposition to overproduce the hormone dihydrotestosterone, which triggers an excess of sebum production in the skin. Give mom and dad a big hug---y’all are likely in this together. 


 

Where you live and the time of year.


While your genetics drive the underlying cause of your oily skin, where you live and the time of the year can also make a huge difference. People typically tend to have oilier skin in hot, humid climates. You are also much more likely to have more oil on your skin during the warm summer months than you would in the cooler months. But don’t let that stop you from having a hot girl summer.


While you may not be able to pick up and relocate because of your oily skin, you can adjust your day-to-day routine during months of high heat and humidity. Keep blotting sheets handy to touch up excess oil throughout the day. A quality matte moisturizer or foundation can also help to soak up extra oil. 


Fluctuating hormones.


You’re definitely not imagining it -- even after puberty comes and goes, hormones can still mess with your skin. Welcome to life.


During menopause, pregnancy, around your period, and at times even with just some stress, hormonal fluctuations can encourage excess grease and breakouts. Why? Because androgens -- the hormones responsible for oil production -- sometimes like to fluctuate, stimulating an increase in oil (aka sebum) production. 


Harsh skin care products.


Believe it or not, sometimes oily skin can be triggered by using the wrong skincare products. Who would’ve thought?


When choosing the most popping products for oily skin, look for ones that are in gel or lotion formulations. We love our Faded Brightening and Clearing Gel for oily skin because it’s made with gentle exfoliating acids to scrub away dirt and soothing shea butter to brighten and revive tired skin. 


This powerful gel serum gently fades the look of your most marks, spots, and scars.. Light-weight and totally free from animal testing, dye, and fragrance, Faded is a must-have for anyone looking to bring balance to their oily skin. 

 

How to Care for Oily Skin

Best Tips To Treat Oily Skin? We’ve Got You.


So, you’ve got oily skin and are wondering how to manage it. We can help. 


Avoid over-washing your face.


That squeaky-clean feeling that comes from washing your face really thoroughly might be satisfying, but over doing it is a hard no. Cleaning your skin with harsh, drying skincare products can actually leave your face more slick than when it started. 


Balance is key. By using harsh washes too frequently, you strip away the natural protective barrier, causing your skin to be immediately dry and the body to react by producing too much oil -- again. This creates a ferocious dry skin-oily skin cycle. Do yourself a favor and just chill a bit, okay?


Stick to gentle quality cleansers and limit your face washing to just twice a day to keep your skin balanced, healthy, and happy. 


You can also try Topicals’ Faded Brightening and Clearing Gel, designed to gently scrub your troubles away while leaving behind flawless, smooth skin. 


Don’t forget to moisturize. #StayGlossy


While it might feel just a little counter-productive, moisturizing in the morning and at night will actually help to keep your skin’s oil production in check. 


Be sure to stick to lightweight, non-comedogenic formulas which preserve the skin’s natural defense against blemishes and spots without clogging pores. Our Like Butter Hydrating Mask is packed with powerful botanicals for skin so smooth, it’s like butter! 


Designed to help fortify your skin’s damaged moisture barrier, this thick yet lightweight whipped mask is perfect for those who have oily skin. 


Avoid touching your face.


Although it’s pretty tempting to touch your face, doing so can spread oil, dirt, and bacteria from your hands, which can leave you with an breakout. Only touch your face when you are cleansing, moisturizing, or applying sunscreen or makeup. And whatever you do, always make sure your hands are clean first! Thank us later.

 

Bottom Line

Hey cutie! To wrap up, oily skin is pretty easy to treat once you have the right products in your skincare cabinet.


For all of your skincare needs, whether you’re struggling with excess oil, dry, flaky skin, or a moisture barrier that needs some TLC, Topicals has your back. 


Check out Topicals today and see the difference quality products can make on your skin. Trust us -- you’ll be glad you did!





Sources: 


https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/321090


https://www.healthline.com/health/beauty-skin-care/sebum#:~:text=Sebum%20is%20an%20oily%2C%20waxy,by%20your%20body's%20sebaceous%20glands.&text=If%20you%20have%20very%20oily,of%20more%20than%20just%20sebum.


https://www.aad.org/public/everyday-care/skin-care-secrets/anti-aging/skin-care-during-menopause



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Sensitive Skin vs. Sensitized Skin

Whenever we experience a bout of red, itchy skin, we’re may think we just have sensitive skin. But sometimes, we have to dig a little more to learn more about ourselves and our skin needs.
 

Overview

It’s common for people to think they have sensitive skin, but that’s not always the case.  Even when we see signs that are commonly associated with sensitive skin, sometimes a shift in products and cleansing techniques can be a major help. No biggie. 


Sensitive skin is more of an innate likeliness of irritation, while sensitized skin can be addressed by habitual changes. While they both may look pretty similar, there are a few key differences between the two. 


Interested in learning more? We’ve got you. Read on to learn everything you need to know about sensitive skin and how exactly it differs from sensitized skin.

 

What's The Difference

Let’s get into it.The difference between sensitive and sensitized skin is nature versus nurture. 


Sensitive skin is more of a predisposition to irritation, whereas sensitized skin on the other hand, is due to external factors. However, people still tend to get confused -- here’s why:


All skin is reactive when it is exposed to irritating ingredients. That is, essentially, one of its key roles. So say “thank you” to your skin for being helpful. 


You see, your skin transforms into a wide range of textures and colors when met with certain substances and experiences (think: swelling from a bee sting, hives from poison oak) as a way to get your attention and alert you to a problem -- which, honestly, is pretty impressive when you really think about it! 


So, experiencing stinging, redness, breakouts, or even a rash after using a particular product doesn’t necessarily point to an issue with your skin -- it points to an issue with the product. But many people don’t realize this, so they chalk it up to having sensitive skin when in reality, it’s sensitized skin. 


Let’s dig a little bit deeper into more about the difference between sensitive skin and sensitized skin. 


 

How To Soothe Sensitive Skin

While most are under the impression that sensitive skin is just skin that is easily irritated, there’s more to it than that. 


When trying to figure out if you have sensitive skin, think about all the symptoms you commonly experience -- do certain environmental factors cause you to get itchy, red, or occasionally have an acne break out? If so, then you may have a skin type that is considered sensitive.


This specific type of skin is the skin type we are born with, skin that is written in your genes to be sensitive, to respond intensely to even the slightest stimulation. Any type of person can have sensitive skin, but it usually affects those whose skin easily flushes or burns. 


These individuals likely dealt with eczema when younger, and relied on unscented soaps and special body washes throughout their life because even the smallest amount of fragrance ingredients could easily dry out and irritate their vulnerable skin. 

The best way to put it is that sensitive skin is inherited.



<h4> How To Soothe Your Sensitive Skin </h4>


For sensitive skin, it’s best to keep using extremely gentle, fragrance-free, dye-free, non-irritating products to keep your skin happy, healthy, and free from irritation. Not sure where to look? Check out Topicals!


Much more than beauty and much more than skincare, Topicals is the new standard-- medicated botanicals. We use only quality ingredients and herbals that have been scientifically proven to work with your skin -- not against it. 


For sensitive skin, we love our Like Butter Hydrating Mask because it helps to soothe irritated, stressed-out skin while fortifying the moisture barrier. Packed with powerful botanicals, this thick whipped mask will leave your skin so smooth, it’s like butter.


 

How To Soothe Sensitized Skin

Sensitized skin, on the other hand, could come about suddenly due to environmental aggressors, things like persistent improper cleansing, medication, stress, the use of harsh or damaging products, as well as other lifestyle factors. 


This type of skin is considered to be much more delicate with a thin epidermis, a lower amount of pigment, and blood vessels really close to the skin’s surface. 


You see, sensitive skin is often the result of having a slightly different protective outer skin layer -- the epidermal lipid barrier layer -- which may allow intruders like irritants, allergens, and microbes to penetrate deep into your skin, setting off a pattern of inflammation. An unhappy epidermal lipid barrier is a huge component in many inflammatory skin conditions, like eczema, psoriasis, rosacea, and atopic dermatitis -- just to name a few. It’s a common part of life for a lot of us. 


Unlike sensitive skin, sensitized skin is acquired. The difference is that there is very little we can do to ‘prevent’ sensitive skin -- it’s just the skin we were born with. But, there are things  we can do to prevent sensitized skin. 


Keep scrolling to find out what some of those measures are. 



<h4> How To Soothe Sensitized Skin </h4>


Think you might have sensitized skin? Here are the best tips to properly care for it:


Turn down the water temperature. 


We totally get it, hot, steamy showers are the best -- but they are not it for your sensitive skin. Ugh, right?


Hot water can damage your skin and worsen symptoms. After showing or cleaning with heat, your vulnerable skin becomes red and increasingly irritated. The heat also dehydrates your already sensitive skin, removing essential oils and moisture. 


Rinsing your skin with cool water, on the other hand, can have the opposite effect, benefiting your skin by reducing inflammation, calming itching, and moistening dryness. Treat your skin with the gentleness that it deserves. 



Fortify your skins’ moisture barrier. 


Whether you’re struggling with sensitive or sensitized skin, you can never go wrong in supporting your skin’s moisture barrier and, well, piling on moisture! Let’s glow!


You should aim to moisturize your skin almost immediately after taking a cool shower or cleansing so your skin can absorb as much moisture as it can. We love Topicals’ Like Butter Hydrating Mask because it fortifies your skin’s damaged moisture barrier to help keep your skin soft, supple, and hydrated. Perfect for dry, sensitive skin, this ultra-thick, whipped mask is all you need to soothe and revive your tired skin.  


Avoid over-cleansing.


Skin is all about balance -- of water and oil, of bad and good bacteria, you know the drill. But one huge contributor to throwing your skin’s balance out of whack, causing it to become sensitized, is when you over-cleanse or over-exfoliate, removing dirt, makeup, and excess oil in addition to the skin-beneficial sebum that provides moisture. 


The culprit? Usually harsh ingredients, such as benzoyl peroxide and sulfates. 


Over-cleansing and over-exfoliating can strip your skin of its natural moisture, interrupting the delicate pH balance of your skin, making it much more sensitive than it already is. Cleanse your face no more than once or twice a day, and use science-backed products that are fragrance-free and dye-free -- like the ones from Topicals. 


Topicals’ Faded Brightening and Clearing Gel is made with gentle exfoliating acids and soothing shea butter to balance, brighten and revive tired skin. Gentle enough to be used daily or at least 2-3 times per week. 

 

Bottom Line

So, sensitive skin vs. sensitized skin -- what’s the difference?


While both are pretty similar, sensitive skin is something you are born with. 


Sensitized skin is something that can happen throughout your life when you come in contact with environmental stressors. 


If you’re managing either, your skin is often red, dry, and irritated. Thankfully, with the right products and our tips listed above, you can soothe and nourish your skin in no time. 


Topicals believes in making the world a healthier and happier place by providing real information and top-notch products that actually work. Whether you have sensitive skin or sensitized skin, Topicals can help. 





Sources:


https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/signs-you-are-gluten-intolerant


https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/social-sciences/environmental-factors#:~:text=Environmental%20factors%20include%20temperature%2C%20food,stress%20might%20provide%20similar%20effects.


https://www.healthline.com/health/skin-barrier


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Perioral Dermatitis

You might not know perioral dermatitis by name, but chances are, you’ve either experienced the scaly red rash yourself or you know someone who has. In fact, Hailey Bieber shared that she struggles with the skin condition, stating that some products irritate her skin, giving her an itchy rash around her mouth and eyes. 

 

But perioral dermatitis causes can sometimes be linked to more than just the wrong skincare routine.

 

Interested in learning more? Read on to learn everything you need to know about perioral dermatitis, including what it is, what causes it, and how it’s treated. 

 

What Exactly is Perioral Dermatitis?

If you have a red rash around your mouth, you may have perioral dermatitis. This rash often looks like small, red, acne-like breakouts in those with light-colored skin and skin-colored breakouts in those who have dark-colored skin. 


But regardless of the color, this rash can be extremely itchy, and sometimes it can also cause a burning sensation. It’s also possible that you won’t experience any itching or burning -- you’ll likely have dry and flaky skin where you have the rash, though. 


While this rash is notorious for developing around the mouth, it can also appear around your nose and eyes. Some people even get it around their genitals. If you happen to have perioral dermatitis in any of these areas, your dermatologist may say you have periorificial dermatitis.


Periorificial dermatitis is actually a much more accurate name for this rash. “Peri” means “around,” and “orifical” refers to “an opening.” No matter where this rash appears, though, people often refer to it as perioral dermatitis, which literally means “around the mouth.”